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Washington

Land ownership

Natural resource extraction varies widely from state to state. In Washington, extractive industries accounted for <1% of gross domestic product (GDP) in 2015.

Washington leads the nation in production of:

  • Hydroelectric: 29% of U.S. production

Natural resource ownership in the U.S. is closely tied to land ownership. Land can be owned by citizens, corporations, Indian tribes or individuals, or governments (for instance, federal, state, or local governments). Many USEITI datasets only cover natural resource extraction on federal land, which represents 28.5% of all land in Washington.

Production

Energy production: The U.S. Energy Information Administration publishes a profile of energy production and usage in Washington.

Washington ranks among the top five states in the U.S. for production of:

  • Hydroelectric: #1 in the nation (29% of U.S. production)

Nonenergy minerals: The U.S. Geological Survey publishes information about nonenergy mineral extraction in the USGS Minerals Yearbook for Washington.

The Energy Information Administration collects data about all energy-related natural resources produced on federal, state, and privately owned land.
Data and documentation

Coal

0 short tons of coal were produced in Washington in 2016.

Hydroelectric

76,842,757 megawatt hours of hydroelectric energy were produced in Washington in 2016.

Other biomass

269,355 megawatt hours of other biomass energy were produced in Washington in 2016.

Solar

727 megawatt hours of solar energy were produced in Washington in 2016.

Wind

8,041,580 megawatt hours of wind energy were produced in Washington in 2016.

Wood-derived fuel

1,747,497 megawatt hours of wood-derived fuel energy were produced in Washington in 2016.

The Office of Natural Resources Revenue collects detailed data about natural resource production on federal land in Washington.
Data and documentation

Data withheld

Production volume in Washington was withheld for the following product(s):

  • Coal (’14–’15)

Revenue

Companies pay a wide range of fees, rates, and taxes to extract natural resources in the United States. What companies pay to federal, state, and local governments often depends on who owns the natural resources.

Natural resource extraction can lead to federal revenue in two ways: non-tax revenue and tax revenue. Most USEITI data is about non-tax revenue from extractive industry activities on federal land.
Data and documentation

Revenue from production on federal land by resource

When companies extract natural resources on federal lands and waters, they pay royalties, rents, bonuses, and other fees, much like they would to any landowner. This non-tax revenue is collected and reported by the Office of Natural Resources Revenue (ONRR).

For details about the laws and policies that govern how rights are awarded to companies and what they pay to extract natural resources on federal land: coal, oil and gas, renewable resources, and hardrock minerals.

The federal government collects different kinds of fees at each phase of natural resource extraction. This chart shows how much federal revenue was collected in 2016 for production or potential production of natural resources on federal land in Washington, broken down by phase of production.

Commodity 1. Securing rights 2. Before production 3. During production Other revenue
Coal
Coal
$1,196
$0 $0 $1,196 $0
Geothermal
Geothermal
$8,437
$0 $8,437 $0 $0
All commodities
All commodities
$9,633
$0 $8,437 $1,196 $0

Most non-tax revenue collected by ONRR comes from counties with significant natural resources on federal land.
Data and documentation

All commodities

Companies paid $9,633 to produce natural resources on federal land in Washington in 2016.

Revenue collected by County

Adams Benton Chelan Douglas Franklin Grant Kittitas Klickitat Lewis Walla Walla Whatcom Yakima Adams Benton Chelan Douglas Franklin Grant Kittitas Klickitat Lewis Walla Walla Whatcom Yakima
County revenue in 2016

Federal tax revenue

Individuals and corporations (specifically C-corporations) pay income taxes to the IRS. Depending on company income, federal corporate income tax rates can range from 15–35%. Public policy provisions, such as tax expenditures, can decrease corporate income tax and other revenue payments in order to romote other policy goals.

Learn more about revenue from extraction on all lands and waters.

We don’t have detailed data about federal, state, or local revenue from natural resource extraction on land owned by Washington, corporations, or individuals. However, companies generally must pay state and local taxes.

Disbursements

After collecting revenue from natural resource extraction, the Office of Natural Resources Revenue distributes that money to different agencies, funds, and local governments for public use. This process is called “disbursement.”

Most federal revenue disbursements go into national funds. For detailed data about which expenditures and projects from those national funds are in Washington, see nationwide federal disbursements.

ONRR also disburses some revenue from natural resource extraction to state governments. In 2016, ONRR disbursed $6,451 to Washington.

Data and documentation

We don’t have detailed data about how states or local governments distribute revenue from natural resource extraction.

Economic impact

USEITI economic impact data covers gross domestic product and two different types of jobs data.

To learn more about direct energy employment across all sectors of the U.S. economy, another useful resource is 2017 U.S. Energy and Employment Report from the Department of Energy. This report has a separate state-by-state analysis of energy employment.

Data about each state’s gross domestic product comes from the Bureau of Economic Analysis.
Data and documentation

GDP (dollars)

In 2015, extractive industries accounted for <1% of Washington’s GDP, or $458,000,000

Wage and salary data, from the Bureau of Labor Statistics, describes the number of people employed in natural resource extraction that receive wages or salaries from companies.
Data and documentation

Wage and salary jobs

In 2015, there were jobs in the extractive industries in Washington, and they accounted for <1% of statewide employment.

County wage and salary jobs

Benton County Chelan County Clallam County Clark County Cowlitz County Franklin County Grant County Grays Harbor County Island County Jefferson County King County Kitsap County Kittitas County Lewis County Okanogan County Pacific County Pend Oreille County Pierce County Skagit County Snohomish County Spokane County Stevens County Thurston County Whatcom County Yakima County Benton County Chelan County Clallam County Clark County Cowlitz County Franklin County Grant County Grays Harbor County Island County Jefferson County King County Kitsap County Kittitas County Lewis County Okanogan County Pacific County Pend Oreille County Pierce County Skagit County Snohomish County Spokane County Stevens County Thurston County Whatcom County Yakima County
County employment in extractive industries (jobs, 2015)

Self-employment data, from the Bureau of Economic Analysis, describes people who work in natural resource extraction, but don’t receive wages or salaries because they own their own companies.
Data and documentation

Self-employment

In 2014, there were self-employed people working in the extractive industries in Washington.

The U.S. Census Bureau collects information about the top 25 exports in each state. In 2015, one or more natural resources ranked among the top 25 exports from Washington.
Data and documentation

Oil

$2,270,430,000 worth of oil was exported from Washington in 2015.

Other nonenergy minerals

$411,830,000 worth of other nonenergy minerals was exported from Washington in 2015.