USEITI logo
Explore data /

Virginia

Land ownership

Natural resource extraction varies widely from state to state. In Virginia, extractive industries accounted for <1% of gross domestic product (GDP) in 2015.

Natural resource ownership in the U.S. is closely tied to land ownership. Land can be owned by citizens, corporations, Indian tribes or individuals, or governments (for instance, federal, state, or local governments). Many USEITI datasets only cover natural resource extraction on federal land, which represents 9.9% of all land in Virginia.

Production

Energy production: The U.S. Energy Information Administration publishes a profile of energy production and usage in Virginia.

Virginia ranks among the top five states in the U.S. for production of:

  • Wood-derived fuel: #4 in the nation (7% of U.S. production)
  • Other biomass: #5 in the nation (5% of U.S. production)

Nonenergy minerals: The U.S. Geological Survey publishes information about nonenergy mineral extraction in the USGS Minerals Yearbook for Virginia.

The Energy Information Administration collects data about all energy-related natural resources produced on federal, state, and privately owned land.
Data and documentation

Coal

0 short tons of coal were produced in Virginia in 2016.

Hydroelectric

1,525,612 megawatt hours of hydroelectric energy were produced in Virginia in 2016.

Crude oil

11,000 barrels of crude oil were produced in Virginia in 2016.

Natural gas

0 mcf of natural gas were produced in Virginia in 2016.

Other biomass

1,119,193 megawatt hours of other biomass energy were produced in Virginia in 2016.

Solar

21,528 megawatt hours of solar energy were produced in Virginia in 2016.

Wood-derived fuel

3,005,053 megawatt hours of wood-derived fuel energy were produced in Virginia in 2016.

The Office of Natural Resources Revenue collects detailed data about natural resource production on federal land in Virginia.
Data and documentation

Gas

130,082 mcf of gas were produced on federal land in Virginia in 2015.

County production

Dickenson County Highland County Wise County Dickenson County Highland County Wise County
County production of gas in 2015 (mcf)

Revenue

Companies pay a wide range of fees, rates, and taxes to extract natural resources in the United States. What companies pay to federal, state, and local governments often depends on who owns the natural resources.

Natural resource extraction can lead to federal revenue in two ways: non-tax revenue and tax revenue. Most USEITI data is about non-tax revenue from extractive industry activities on federal land.
Data and documentation

Revenue from production on federal land by resource

When companies extract natural resources on federal lands and waters, they pay royalties, rents, bonuses, and other fees, much like they would to any landowner. This non-tax revenue is collected and reported by the Office of Natural Resources Revenue (ONRR).

For details about the laws and policies that govern how rights are awarded to companies and what they pay to extract natural resources on federal land: coal, oil and gas, renewable resources, and hardrock minerals.

The federal government collects different kinds of fees at each phase of natural resource extraction. This chart shows how much federal revenue was collected in 2016 for production or potential production of natural resources on federal land in Virginia, broken down by phase of production.

Commodity 1. Securing rights 2. Before production 3. During production Other revenue
Oil and Gas
Oil & Gas
$54,441
$0 $21,254 Gas
$17,259
$15,928
Other products
Hardrock minerals
$1,420
$0 $355 $0 $1,065
All commodities
All commodities
$55,861
$0 $21,609 $17,259 $16,993

Most non-tax revenue collected by ONRR comes from counties with significant natural resources on federal land.
Data and documentation

All commodities

Companies paid $55,861 to produce natural resources on federal land in Virginia in 2016.

Revenue collected by County

Dickenson Giles Highland Lee Wise Dickenson Giles Highland Lee Wise
County revenue in 2016

Federal tax revenue

Individuals and corporations (specifically C-corporations) pay income taxes to the IRS. Depending on company income, federal corporate income tax rates can range from 15–35%. Public policy provisions, such as tax expenditures, can decrease corporate income tax and other revenue payments in order to romote other policy goals.

Learn more about revenue from extraction on all lands and waters.

We don’t have detailed data about federal, state, or local revenue from natural resource extraction on land owned by Virginia, corporations, or individuals. However, companies generally must pay state and local taxes.

Disbursements

After collecting revenue from natural resource extraction, the Office of Natural Resources Revenue distributes that money to different agencies, funds, and local governments for public use. This process is called “disbursement.”

Most federal revenue disbursements go into national funds. For detailed data about which expenditures and projects from those national funds are in Virginia, see nationwide federal disbursements.

ONRR also disburses some revenue from natural resource extraction to state governments. In 2016, ONRR disbursed $23,235 to Virginia.

Data and documentation

We don’t have detailed data about how states or local governments distribute revenue from natural resource extraction.

Economic impact

USEITI economic impact data covers gross domestic product and two different types of jobs data.

To learn more about direct energy employment across all sectors of the U.S. economy, another useful resource is 2017 U.S. Energy and Employment Report from the Department of Energy. This report has a separate state-by-state analysis of energy employment.

Data about each state’s gross domestic product comes from the Bureau of Economic Analysis.
Data and documentation

GDP (dollars)

In 2015, extractive industries accounted for <1% of Virginia’s GDP, or $1,826,000,000

Employment data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics describes the number of people who receive wages or salaries from companies.
Data and documentation

Extractive industry jobs

In 2016, there were jobs in the extractive industries in Virginia, and they accounted for <1% of statewide employment.

Extractive industry jobs by county

Albemarle County Amelia County Augusta County Botetourt County Buchanan County Charles City County Culpeper County Dickenson County Fairfax County Fauquier County Goochland County Hanover County Henrico County King William County Lee County Loudoun County Montgomery County Prince William County Roanoke County Rockingham County Russell County Tazewell County Washington County Wise County Wythe County Bristol City Chesapeake City Norton City Suffolk City Virginia Beach City Albemarle County Amelia County Augusta County Botetourt County Buchanan County Charles City County Culpeper County Dickenson County Fairfax County Fauquier County Goochland County Hanover County Henrico County King William County Lee County Loudoun County Montgomery County Prince William County Roanoke County Rockingham County Russell County Tazewell County Washington County Wise County Wythe County Bristol City Chesapeake City Norton City Suffolk City Virginia Beach City
County employment in extractive industries (jobs, 2016)

Wage and salary jobs by commodity

Jobs are categorized according to the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). To learn more about how we grouped those categories, see data and documentation.

Geothermal, hydroelectric, solar, and wind energy categories are limited to jobs directly related to electrical energy generation. To learn more about all energy-related employment, see the 2017 U.S. Energy and Employment Report from the Department of Energy.

coal

In 2016, there were 221 coal jobs in Virginia.

oil and gas

In 2016, there were 683 oil and gas jobs in Virginia.

hydroelectric energy

In 2016, there were 96 hydroelectric energy jobs in Virginia.

nonenergy mineral

In 2016, there were 52 nonenergy mineral jobs in Virginia.

wind energy

In 2016, there were wind energy jobs in Virginia.

Self-employment data, from the Bureau of Economic Analysis, describes people who work in natural resource extraction, but don’t receive wages or salaries because they own their own companies.
Data and documentation

Self-employment

In 2015, there were self-employed people working in the extractive industries in Virginia.

The U.S. Census Bureau collects information about the top 25 exports in each state. In 2015, one or more natural resources ranked among the top 25 exports from Virginia.
Data and documentation

Coal

$638,560,000 worth of coal was exported from Virginia in 2015.

Oil

$357,660,000 worth of oil was exported from Virginia in 2015.