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Utah

Land ownership

Natural resource extraction varies widely from state to state. In Utah, extractive industries accounted for 2.0% of gross domestic product (GDP) in 2015.

Natural resource ownership in the U.S. is closely tied to land ownership. Land can be owned by citizens, corporations, Indian tribes or individuals, or governments (for instance, federal, state, or local governments). Many USEITI datasets only cover natural resource extraction on federal land, which represents 64.9% of all land in Utah.

Production

Energy production: The U.S. Energy Information Administration publishes a profile of energy production and usage in Utah.

Utah ranks among the top five states in the U.S. for production of:

  • Geothermal: #3 in the nation (3% of U.S. production)

Nonenergy minerals: The U.S. Geological Survey publishes information about nonenergy mineral extraction in the USGS Minerals Yearbook for Utah.

The Energy Information Administration collects data about all energy-related natural resources produced on federal, state, and privately owned land.
Data and documentation

Coal

0 short tons of coal were produced in Utah in 2015.

Hydroelectric

596,111 megawatt hours of hydroelectric energy were produced in Utah in 2015.

Crude oil

36,987,000 barrels of crude oil were produced in Utah in 2015.

Geothermal

503,235 megawatt hours of geothermal energy were produced in Utah in 2015.

Natural gas

422,423,000 mcf of natural gas were produced in Utah in 2015.

Other biomass

71,542 megawatt hours of other biomass energy were produced in Utah in 2015.

Solar

29,073 megawatt hours of solar energy were produced in Utah in 2015.

Wind

621,423 megawatt hours of wind energy were produced in Utah in 2015.

The Office of Natural Resources Revenue collects detailed data about natural resource production on federal land in Utah.
Data and documentation

Clay

51,791 tons of clay were produced on federal land in Utah in 2015.

County production

Piute County Piute County
County production of clay in 2015 (tons)

Coal

5,469,603 tons of coal were produced on federal land in Utah in 2015.

County production

Carbon County Emery County Sevier County Carbon County Emery County Sevier County
County production of coal in 2015 (tons)

Gas

261,770,435 mcf of gas were produced on federal land in Utah in 2015.

County production

Carbon County Daggett County Duchesne County Emery County Garfield County Grand County Salt Lake County San Juan County Sanpete County Summit County Uintah County Utah County Washington County Carbon County Daggett County Duchesne County Emery County Garfield County Grand County Salt Lake County San Juan County Sanpete County Summit County Uintah County Utah County Washington County
County production of gas in 2015 (mcf)

Geothermal

130,138,400 kilowatt hours of geothermal energy were produced on federal land in Utah in 2015.

County production

Beaver County Millard County Beaver County Millard County
County production of geothermal energy in 2015 (kWh)

Geothermal

2,139,260,182 thousand pounds of geothermal energy were produced on federal land in Utah in 2015.

County production

Beaver County Beaver County
County production of geothermal energy in 2015 (klb)

Gilsonite

16,078 tons of gilsonite were produced on federal land in Utah in 2015.

County production

Uintah County Uintah County
County production of gilsonite in 2015 (tons)

Oil

11,360,493 barrels of oil were produced on federal land in Utah in 2015.

County production

Carbon County Daggett County Duchesne County Emery County Garfield County Grand County Salt Lake County San Juan County Sanpete County Sevier County Summit County Uintah County Carbon County Daggett County Duchesne County Emery County Garfield County Grand County Salt Lake County San Juan County Sanpete County Sevier County Summit County Uintah County
County production of oil in 2015 (bbl)

Data withheld

Production volume in Utah was withheld for the following product(s):

  • Potash (’06–’15)
  • Salt (’06–’15)

Revenue

Companies pay a wide range of fees, rates, and taxes to extract natural resources in the United States. What companies pay to federal, state, and local governments often depends on who owns the natural resources.

Natural resource extraction can lead to federal revenue in two ways: non-tax revenue and tax revenue. Most USEITI data is about non-tax revenue from extractive industry activities on federal land.
Data and documentation

Revenue from production on federal land by resource

When companies extract natural resources on federal lands and waters, they pay royalties, rents, bonuses, and other fees, much like they would to any landowner. This non-tax revenue is collected and reported by the Office of Natural Resources Revenue (ONRR).

For details about the laws and policies that govern how rights are awarded to companies and what they pay to extract natural resources on federal land: coal, oil and gas, renewable resources, and hardrock minerals.

The federal government collects different kinds of fees at each phase of natural resource extraction. This chart shows how much federal revenue was collected in 2015 for production or potential production of natural resources on federal land in Utah, broken down by phase of production.

Commodity 1. Securing rights 2. Before production 3. During production Other revenue
Oil and Gas
Oil & Gas
$144,052,852
$5,776,815 $2,047,051 Oil $64,882,036 Gas $69,043,199 NGL $8,339,715 $-6,035,964
Coal
Coal
$32,387,828
$3,412,798 $267,472 $28,213,155 $494,403
Geothermal
Geothermal
$692,110
$0 $63,049 $629,061 $0
Other products
Potassium
$888,142
$0 $180,542 $306,463 $401,137
Gilsonite
$1,958,982
$0 $-1,944 $1,956,057 $4,868
Carbon dioxide
$29,714
$0 $0 $29,714 $0
Phosphate
$24,360
$0 $0 $0 $24,360
Clay
$8,700
$0 $0 $8,110 $590
Sodium
$2,251
$0 $0 $2,251 $0
Gold
$2,604
$0 $651 $0 $1,953
All commodities
All commodities
$180,047,541
$9,189,613 $2,556,822 $173,409,760 $-5,108,654

Most non-tax revenue collected by ONRR comes from counties with significant natural resources on federal land.
Data and documentation

All commodities

Companies paid $180,047,541 to produce natural resources on federal land in Utah in 2015.

Revenue collected by County

Beaver Box Elder Carbon Daggett Duchesne Emery Garfield Grand Iron Juab Kane Millard Morgan Piute Rich Salt Lake San Juan Sanpete Sevier Summit Tooele Uintah Utah Wasatch Washington Wayne Beaver Box Elder Carbon Daggett Duchesne Emery Garfield Grand Iron Juab Kane Millard Morgan Piute Rich Salt Lake San Juan Sanpete Sevier Summit Tooele Uintah Utah Wasatch Washington Wayne
County revenue in 2015

Federal tax revenue

Individuals and corporations (specifically C-corporations) pay income taxes to the IRS. Depending on company income, federal corporate income tax rates can range from 15–35%. Public policy provisions, such as tax expenditures, can decrease corporate income tax and other revenue payments in order to romote other policy goals.

Learn more about revenue from extraction on all lands and waters.

We don’t have detailed data about federal, state, or local revenue from natural resource extraction on land owned by Utah, corporations, or individuals. However, companies generally must pay state and local taxes.

Disbursements

After collecting revenue from natural resource extraction, the Office of Natural Resources Revenue distributes that money to different agencies, funds, and local governments for public use. This process is called “disbursement.”

Most federal revenue disbursements go into national funds. For detailed data about which expenditures and projects from those national funds are in Utah, see nationwide federal disbursements.

ONRR also disburses some revenue from natural resource extraction to state governments. In 2015, ONRR disbursed $116,366,543 to Utah.

Data and documentation

We don’t have detailed data about how states or local governments distribute revenue from natural resource extraction.

Economic impact

Data about each state’s gross domestic product comes from the Bureau of Economic Analysis.
Data and documentation

GDP (dollars)

In 2015, extractive industries accounted for 2.0% of Utah’s GDP, or $2,925,000,000

Wage and salary data, from the Bureau of Labor Statistics, describes the number of people employed in natural resource extraction that receive wages or salaries from companies.
Data and documentation

Wage and salary jobs

In 2015, there were jobs in the extractive industries in Utah, and they accounted for <1% of statewide employment.

County wage and salary jobs

Beaver County Box Elder County Cache County Carbon County Davis County Duchesne County Emery County Iron County Juab County Millard County Morgan County Rich County Salt Lake County San Juan County Sanpete County Sevier County Summit County Tooele County Uintah County Utah County Wasatch County Washington County Weber County Beaver County Box Elder County Cache County Carbon County Davis County Duchesne County Emery County Iron County Juab County Millard County Morgan County Rich County Salt Lake County San Juan County Sanpete County Sevier County Summit County Tooele County Uintah County Utah County Wasatch County Washington County Weber County
County employment in extractive industries (jobs, 2015)

Self-employment data, from the Bureau of Economic Analysis, describes people who work in natural resource extraction, but don’t receive wages or salaries because they own their own companies.
Data and documentation

Self-employment

In 2014, there were self-employed people working in the extractive industries in Utah.

The U.S. Census Bureau collects information about the top 25 exports in each state. In 2015, one or more natural resources ranked among the top 25 exports from Utah.
Data and documentation

Gold

$5,098,110,000 worth of gold was exported from Utah in 2015.

Other nonenergy minerals

$107,660,000 worth of other nonenergy minerals was exported from Utah in 2015.

Silver

$94,670,000 worth of silver was exported from Utah in 2015.

Coal

$142,660,000 worth of coal was exported from Utah in 2015.

State governance

The USEITI Multi-Stakeholder Group identified Utah as a priority state and gathered additional information about state agencies and regulations that govern natural resource extraction in Utah: