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Texas

Land ownership

Natural resource extraction varies widely from state to state. In Texas, extractive industries accounted for 9.2% of gross domestic product (GDP) in 2015, and jobs in the extractive industries made up 2.3% of statewide employment.

Texas leads the nation in production of:

  • Crude oil: 36% of U.S. production
  • Natural gas: 26% of U.S. production
  • Wind: 23% of U.S. production

Natural resource ownership in the U.S. is closely tied to land ownership. Land can be owned by citizens, corporations, Indian tribes or individuals, or governments (for instance, federal, state, or local governments). Many USEITI datasets only cover natural resource extraction on federal land, which represents 1.8% of all land in Texas.

Texas also borders an offshore area with significant natural resource extraction, which may contribute to the state’s economy. For production and revenue data about offshore extraction near Texas, see the Gulf of Mexico.

For a detailed view of how natural gas extraction affects communities in Texas, read the case study on Tarrant and Johnson Counties.

Production

Energy production: The U.S. Energy Information Administration publishes a profile of energy production and usage in Texas.

Texas ranks among the top five states in the U.S. for production of:

  • Crude oil: #1 in the nation (36% of U.S. production)
  • Natural gas: #1 in the nation (26% of U.S. production)
  • Wind: #1 in the nation (23% of U.S. production)

Nonenergy minerals: The U.S. Geological Survey publishes information about nonenergy mineral extraction in the USGS Minerals Yearbook for Texas.

The Energy Information Administration collects data about all energy-related natural resources produced on federal, state, and privately owned land.
Data and documentation

Coal

0 short tons of coal were produced in Texas in 2015.

Hydroelectric

796,982 megawatt hours of hydroelectric energy were produced in Texas in 2015.

Crude oil

1,263,585,000 barrels of crude oil were produced in Texas in 2015.

Natural gas

8,763,381,000 mcf of natural gas were produced in Texas in 2015.

Other biomass

734,010 megawatt hours of other biomass energy were produced in Texas in 2015.

Solar

423,056 megawatt hours of solar energy were produced in Texas in 2015.

Wind

44,959,420 megawatt hours of wind energy were produced in Texas in 2015.

Wood-derived fuel

1,042,422 megawatt hours of wood-derived fuel energy were produced in Texas in 2015.

The Office of Natural Resources Revenue collects detailed data about natural resource production on federal land in Texas.
Data and documentation

Gas

30,432,839 mcf of gas were produced on federal land in Texas in 2015.

County production

Bowie County Brazos County Burleson County Chambers County Denton County Freestone County Galveston County Grayson County Harrison County Hemphill County Hidalgo County Hill County Houston County Jackson County Jasper County Johnson County Jones County Lee County Live Oak County McMullen County Montague County Montgomery County Nacogdoches County Newton County Nueces County Ochiltree County Parker County Sabine County San Augustine County San Jacinto County Shelby County Starr County Tarrant County Taylor County Walker County Washington County Wheeler County Wilbarger County Wise County Zapata County Bowie County Brazos County Burleson County Chambers County Denton County Freestone County Galveston County Grayson County Harrison County Hemphill County Hidalgo County Hill County Houston County Jackson County Jasper County Johnson County Jones County Lee County Live Oak County McMullen County Montague County Montgomery County Nacogdoches County Newton County Nueces County Ochiltree County Parker County Sabine County San Augustine County San Jacinto County Shelby County Starr County Tarrant County Taylor County Walker County Washington County Wheeler County Wilbarger County Wise County Zapata County
County production of gas in 2015 (mcf)

Oil

125,620 barrels of oil were produced on federal land in Texas in 2015.

County production

Bowie County Brazos County Burleson County Chambers County Denton County Freestone County Galveston County Gray County Grayson County Harrison County Hemphill County Hidalgo County Houston County Jackson County Jasper County Jones County Lee County Live Oak County McMullen County Montague County Montgomery County Nacogdoches County Newton County Nueces County Ochiltree County Parker County Sabine County San Augustine County San Jacinto County Shelby County Starr County Tarrant County Washington County Wheeler County Wilbarger County Wise County Zapata County Bowie County Brazos County Burleson County Chambers County Denton County Freestone County Galveston County Gray County Grayson County Harrison County Hemphill County Hidalgo County Houston County Jackson County Jasper County Jones County Lee County Live Oak County McMullen County Montague County Montgomery County Nacogdoches County Newton County Nueces County Ochiltree County Parker County Sabine County San Augustine County San Jacinto County Shelby County Starr County Tarrant County Washington County Wheeler County Wilbarger County Wise County Zapata County
County production of oil in 2015 (bbl)

Revenue

Companies pay a wide range of fees, rates, and taxes to extract natural resources in the United States. What companies pay to federal, state, and local governments often depends on who owns the natural resources.

Natural resource extraction can lead to federal revenue in two ways: non-tax revenue and tax revenue. Most USEITI data is about non-tax revenue from extractive industry activities on federal land.
Data and documentation

Revenue from production on federal land by resource

When companies extract natural resources on federal lands and waters, they pay royalties, rents, bonuses, and other fees, much like they would to any landowner. This non-tax revenue is collected and reported by the Office of Natural Resources Revenue (ONRR).

For details about the laws and policies that govern how rights are awarded to companies and what they pay to extract natural resources on federal land: coal, oil and gas, renewable resources, and hardrock minerals.

The federal government collects different kinds of fees at each phase of natural resource extraction. This chart shows how much federal revenue was collected in 2015 for production or potential production of natural resources on federal land in Texas, broken down by phase of production.

Commodity 1. Securing rights 2. Before production 3. During production Other revenue
Oil and Gas
Oil & Gas
$12,996,769
$62,900 $374,385 Oil
$2,215,702
Gas
$10,575,022
NGL
$353,944
$-585,185
All commodities
All commodities
$12,996,768
$62,900 $374,385 $13,144,667 $-585,185

Most non-tax revenue collected by ONRR comes from counties with significant natural resources on federal land.
Data and documentation

All commodities

Companies paid $12,996,768 to produce natural resources on federal land in Texas in 2015.

Revenue collected by County

Angelina Armstrong Bastrop Bee Bosque Bowie Brazoria Brazos Burleson Chambers Coleman Dallam Denton De Witt Fannin Fayette Freestone Galveston Gray Grayson Harrison Hemphill Hidalgo Hill Houston Jackson Jasper Jefferson Johnson Jones Karnes Kleberg Lee Live Oak Mcmullen Montague Montgomery Nacogdoches Newton Nueces Ochiltree Parker Pecos Robertson Sabine San Augustin San Jacinto Shelby Sherman Starr Tarrant Taylor Terry Tom Green Trinity Walker Washington Wheeler Willacy Wise Zapata Angelina Armstrong Bastrop Bee Bosque Bowie Brazoria Brazos Burleson Chambers Coleman Dallam Denton De Witt Fannin Fayette Freestone Galveston Gray Grayson Harrison Hemphill Hidalgo Hill Houston Jackson Jasper Jefferson Johnson Jones Karnes Kleberg Lee Live Oak Mcmullen Montague Montgomery Nacogdoches Newton Nueces Ochiltree Parker Pecos Robertson Sabine San Augustin San Jacinto Shelby Sherman Starr Tarrant Taylor Terry Tom Green Trinity Walker Washington Wheeler Willacy Wise Zapata
County revenue in 2015

Federal tax revenue

Individuals and corporations (specifically C-corporations) pay income taxes to the IRS. Depending on company income, federal corporate income tax rates can range from 15–35%. Public policy provisions, such as tax expenditures, can decrease corporate income tax and other revenue payments in order to romote other policy goals.

Learn more about revenue from extraction on all lands and waters.

We don’t have detailed data about federal, state, or local revenue from natural resource extraction on land owned by Texas, corporations, or individuals. However, companies generally must pay state and local taxes.

Disbursements

After collecting revenue from natural resource extraction, the Office of Natural Resources Revenue distributes that money to different agencies, funds, and local governments for public use. This process is called “disbursement.”

Most federal revenue disbursements go into national funds. For detailed data about which expenditures and projects from those national funds are in Texas, see nationwide federal disbursements.

ONRR also disburses some revenue from natural resource extraction to state governments. In 2015, ONRR disbursed $7,031,639 to Texas. This included revenues from both onshore and offshore extraction in or near Texas:

  • $6,211,318 was from onshore revenues
  • $820,321 was from offshore revenues

Data and documentation

We don’t have detailed data about how states or local governments distribute revenue from natural resource extraction.

Economic impact

Data about each state’s gross domestic product comes from the Bureau of Economic Analysis.
Data and documentation

GDP (dollars)

In 2015, extractive industries accounted for 9.2% of Texas’s GDP, or $150,631,000,000

Wage and salary data, from the Bureau of Labor Statistics, describes the number of people employed in natural resource extraction that receive wages or salaries from companies.
Data and documentation

Wage and salary jobs

In 2015, there were jobs in the extractive industries in Texas, and they accounted for 2.3% of statewide employment.

County wage and salary jobs

Anderson County Andrews County Angelina County Aransas County Archer County Atascosa County Austin County Bandera County Bastrop County Bee County Bell County Bexar County Blanco County Bosque County Bowie County Brazoria County Brazos County Brewster County Brooks County Brown County Burleson County Burnet County Caldwell County Calhoun County Callahan County Cameron County Camp County Carson County Cass County Castro County Chambers County Cherokee County Clay County Cochran County Coke County Coleman County Collin County Colorado County Comal County Comanche County Concho County Cooke County Crane County Crockett County Crosby County Culberson County Dallas County Dawson County Denton County DeWitt County Dimmit County Duval County Eastland County Ector County Ellis County El Paso County Erath County Fannin County Fayette County Fisher County Fort Bend County Freestone County Frio County Gaines County Galveston County Garza County Gillespie County Goliad County Gonzales County Gray County Grayson County Gregg County Grimes County Guadalupe County Hale County Hansford County Hardeman County Harris County Harrison County Haskell County Hays County Hemphill County Henderson County Hidalgo County Hill County Hockley County Hood County Hopkins County Houston County Howard County Hutchinson County Irion County Jack County Jackson County Jasper County Jefferson County Jim Hogg County Jim Wells County Johnson County Jones County Karnes County Kaufman County Kendall County Kerr County Kleberg County Knox County Lampasas County La Salle County Lavaca County Lee County Leon County Liberty County Limestone County Lipscomb County Live Oak County Lubbock County Lynn County McCulloch County McLennan County McMullen County Marion County Martin County Mason County Matagorda County Maverick County Medina County Menard County Midland County Milam County Mitchell County Montague County Montgomery County Moore County Morris County Nacogdoches County Navarro County Newton County Nolan County Nueces County Ochiltree County Orange County Palo Pinto County Panola County Parker County Pecos County Polk County Potter County Rains County Randall County Reagan County Red River County Reeves County Refugio County Roberts County Robertson County Rockwall County Rusk County Sabine County San Jacinto County San Patricio County San Saba County Schleicher County Scurry County Shackelford County Shelby County Smith County Somervell County Starr County Stephens County Sterling County Stonewall County Sutton County Swisher County Tarrant County Taylor County Terry County Throckmorton County Titus County Tom Green County Travis County Tyler County Upshur County Upton County Uvalde County Val Verde County Van Zandt County Victoria County Walker County Waller County Ward County Washington County Webb County Wharton County Wheeler County Wichita County Wilbarger County Williamson County Wilson County Winkler County Wise County Yoakum County Young County Zapata County Zavala County Anderson County Andrews County Angelina County Aransas County Archer County Atascosa County Austin County Bandera County Bastrop County Bee County Bell County Bexar County Blanco County Bosque County Bowie County Brazoria County Brazos County Brewster County Brooks County Brown County Burleson County Burnet County Caldwell County Calhoun County Callahan County Cameron County Camp County Carson County Cass County Castro County Chambers County Cherokee County Clay County Cochran County Coke County Coleman County Collin County Colorado County Comal County Comanche County Concho County Cooke County Crane County Crockett County Crosby County Culberson County Dallas County Dawson County Denton County DeWitt County Dimmit County Duval County Eastland County Ector County Ellis County El Paso County Erath County Fannin County Fayette County Fisher County Fort Bend County Freestone County Frio County Gaines County Galveston County Garza County Gillespie County Goliad County Gonzales County Gray County Grayson County Gregg County Grimes County Guadalupe County Hale County Hansford County Hardeman County Harris County Harrison County Haskell County Hays County Hemphill County Henderson County Hidalgo County Hill County Hockley County Hood County Hopkins County Houston County Howard County Hutchinson County Irion County Jack County Jackson County Jasper County Jefferson County Jim Hogg County Jim Wells County Johnson County Jones County Karnes County Kaufman County Kendall County Kerr County Kleberg County Knox County Lampasas County La Salle County Lavaca County Lee County Leon County Liberty County Limestone County Lipscomb County Live Oak County Lubbock County Lynn County McCulloch County McLennan County McMullen County Marion County Martin County Mason County Matagorda County Maverick County Medina County Menard County Midland County Milam County Mitchell County Montague County Montgomery County Moore County Morris County Nacogdoches County Navarro County Newton County Nolan County Nueces County Ochiltree County Orange County Palo Pinto County Panola County Parker County Pecos County Polk County Potter County Rains County Randall County Reagan County Red River County Reeves County Refugio County Roberts County Robertson County Rockwall County Rusk County Sabine County San Jacinto County San Patricio County San Saba County Schleicher County Scurry County Shackelford County Shelby County Smith County Somervell County Starr County Stephens County Sterling County Stonewall County Sutton County Swisher County Tarrant County Taylor County Terry County Throckmorton County Titus County Tom Green County Travis County Tyler County Upshur County Upton County Uvalde County Val Verde County Van Zandt County Victoria County Walker County Waller County Ward County Washington County Webb County Wharton County Wheeler County Wichita County Wilbarger County Williamson County Wilson County Winkler County Wise County Yoakum County Young County Zapata County Zavala County
County employment in extractive industries (jobs, 2015)