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Pennsylvania

Land ownership

Natural resource extraction varies widely from state to state. In Pennsylvania, extractive industries accounted for 2.5% of gross domestic product (GDP) in 2015.

Natural resource ownership in the U.S. is closely tied to land ownership. Land can be owned by citizens, corporations, Indian tribes or individuals, or governments (for instance, federal, state, or local governments). Many USEITI datasets only cover natural resource extraction on federal land, which represents 2.1% of all land in Pennsylvania.

Production

Energy production: The U.S. Energy Information Administration publishes a profile of energy production and usage in Pennsylvania.

Pennsylvania ranks among the top five states in the U.S. for production of:

  • Natural gas: #2 in the nation (14% of U.S. production)
  • Other biomass: #3 in the nation (8% of U.S. production)
  • Coal: #5 in the nation (5% of U.S. production)

Nonenergy minerals: The U.S. Geological Survey publishes information about nonenergy mineral extraction in the USGS Minerals Yearbook for Pennsylvania.

The Energy Information Administration collects data about all energy-related natural resources produced on federal, state, and privately owned land.
Data and documentation

Coal

0 short tons of coal were produced in Pennsylvania in 2016.

Hydroelectric

2,376,224 megawatt hours of hydroelectric energy were produced in Pennsylvania in 2016.

Crude oil

6,185,000 barrels of crude oil were produced in Pennsylvania in 2016.

Natural gas

5,263,973,000 mcf of natural gas were produced in Pennsylvania in 2016.

Other biomass

1,922,444 megawatt hours of other biomass energy were produced in Pennsylvania in 2016.

Solar

81,555 megawatt hours of solar energy were produced in Pennsylvania in 2016.

Wind

3,471,692 megawatt hours of wind energy were produced in Pennsylvania in 2016.

Wood-derived fuel

459,797 megawatt hours of wood-derived fuel energy were produced in Pennsylvania in 2016.

The Office of Natural Resources Revenue collects detailed data about natural resource production on federal land in Pennsylvania.
Data and documentation

Gas

13,151 mcf of gas were produced on federal land in Pennsylvania in 2015.

County production

Forest County Indiana County Westmoreland County Forest County Indiana County Westmoreland County
County production of gas in 2015 (mcf)

Oil

940 barrels of oil were produced on federal land in Pennsylvania in 2015.

County production

Forest County Forest County
County production of oil in 2015 (bbl)

Revenue

Companies pay a wide range of fees, rates, and taxes to extract natural resources in the United States. What companies pay to federal, state, and local governments often depends on who owns the natural resources.

Natural resource extraction can lead to federal revenue in two ways: non-tax revenue and tax revenue. Most USEITI data is about non-tax revenue from extractive industry activities on federal land.
Data and documentation

Revenue from production on federal land by resource

When companies extract natural resources on federal lands and waters, they pay royalties, rents, bonuses, and other fees, much like they would to any landowner. This non-tax revenue is collected and reported by the Office of Natural Resources Revenue (ONRR).

For details about the laws and policies that govern how rights are awarded to companies and what they pay to extract natural resources on federal land: coal, oil and gas, renewable resources, and hardrock minerals.

The federal government collects different kinds of fees at each phase of natural resource extraction. This chart shows how much federal revenue was collected in 2016 for production or potential production of natural resources on federal land in Pennsylvania, broken down by phase of production.

Commodity 1. Securing rights 2. Before production 3. During production Other revenue
Oil and Gas
Oil & Gas
$121,193
$0 $6,735 Oil
$4,569
Gas
$1,365
NGL
$547
$107,977
All commodities
All commodities
$121,192
$0 $6,735 $6,480 $107,977

Most non-tax revenue collected by ONRR comes from counties with significant natural resources on federal land.
Data and documentation

All commodities

Companies paid $121,192 to produce natural resources on federal land in Pennsylvania in 2016.

Revenue collected by County

Armstrong Bedford Forest Indiana Jefferson Warren Westmoreland Armstrong Bedford Forest Indiana Jefferson Warren Westmoreland
County revenue in 2016

Federal tax revenue

Individuals and corporations (specifically C-corporations) pay income taxes to the IRS. Depending on company income, federal corporate income tax rates can range from 15–35%. Public policy provisions, such as tax expenditures, can decrease corporate income tax and other revenue payments in order to romote other policy goals.

Learn more about revenue from extraction on all lands and waters.

We don’t have detailed data about federal, state, or local revenue from natural resource extraction on land owned by Pennsylvania, corporations, or individuals. However, companies generally must pay state and local taxes.

Disbursements

After collecting revenue from natural resource extraction, the Office of Natural Resources Revenue distributes that money to different agencies, funds, and local governments for public use. This process is called “disbursement.”

Most federal revenue disbursements go into national funds. For detailed data about which expenditures and projects from those national funds are in Pennsylvania, see nationwide federal disbursements.

ONRR also disburses some revenue from natural resource extraction to state governments. In 2016, ONRR disbursed $18,528 to Pennsylvania.

Data and documentation

We don’t have detailed data about how states or local governments distribute revenue from natural resource extraction.

Economic impact

USEITI economic impact data covers gross domestic product and two different types of jobs data.

To learn more about direct energy employment across all sectors of the U.S. economy, another useful resource is 2017 U.S. Energy and Employment Report from the Department of Energy. This report has a separate state-by-state analysis of energy employment.

Data about each state’s gross domestic product comes from the Bureau of Economic Analysis.
Data and documentation

GDP (dollars)

In 2015, extractive industries accounted for 2.5% of Pennsylvania’s GDP, or $17,408,000,000

Wage and salary data, from the Bureau of Labor Statistics, describes the number of people employed in natural resource extraction that receive wages or salaries from companies.
Data and documentation

Wage and salary jobs

In 2015, there were jobs in the extractive industries in Pennsylvania, and they accounted for <1% of statewide employment.

County wage and salary jobs

Adams County Allegheny County Armstrong County Beaver County Berks County Blair County Bradford County Bucks County Butler County Cambria County Carbon County Centre County Chester County Clarion County Clearfield County Clinton County Columbia County Crawford County Cumberland County Dauphin County Delaware County Elk County Erie County Fayette County Forest County Franklin County Greene County Huntingdon County Indiana County Jefferson County Lackawanna County Lancaster County Lawrence County Luzerne County Lycoming County Mckean County Mercer County Monroe County Montgomery County Northampton County Northumberland County Pike County Potter County Schuylkill County Somerset County Sullivan County Susquehanna County Tioga County Venango County Warren County Washington County Wayne County Westmoreland County Wyoming County York County Adams County Allegheny County Armstrong County Beaver County Berks County Blair County Bradford County Bucks County Butler County Cambria County Carbon County Centre County Chester County Clarion County Clearfield County Clinton County Columbia County Crawford County Cumberland County Dauphin County Delaware County Elk County Erie County Fayette County Forest County Franklin County Greene County Huntingdon County Indiana County Jefferson County Lackawanna County Lancaster County Lawrence County Luzerne County Lycoming County Mckean County Mercer County Monroe County Montgomery County Northampton County Northumberland County Pike County Potter County Schuylkill County Somerset County Sullivan County Susquehanna County Tioga County Venango County Warren County Washington County Wayne County Westmoreland County Wyoming County York County
County employment in extractive industries (jobs, 2015)

Self-employment data, from the Bureau of Economic Analysis, describes people who work in natural resource extraction, but don’t receive wages or salaries because they own their own companies.
Data and documentation

Self-employment

In 2014, there were self-employed people working in the extractive industries in Pennsylvania.

The U.S. Census Bureau collects information about the top 25 exports in each state. In 2015, one or more natural resources ranked among the top 25 exports from Pennsylvania.
Data and documentation

Coal

$1,306,410,000 worth of coal was exported from Pennsylvania in 2015.

Oil

$347,820,000 worth of oil was exported from Pennsylvania in 2015.

Gas

$405,290,000 worth of gas was exported from Pennsylvania in 2015.

State governance

The USEITI Multi-Stakeholder Group identified Pennsylvania as a priority state and gathered additional information about state agencies and regulations that govern natural resource extraction in Pennsylvania: