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Nevada

Land ownership

Natural resource extraction varies widely from state to state. In Nevada, extractive industries accounted for 2.3% of gross domestic product (GDP) in 2015.

Natural resource ownership in the U.S. is closely tied to land ownership. Land can be owned by citizens, corporations, Indian tribes or individuals, or governments (for instance, federal, state, or local governments). Many USEITI datasets only cover natural resource extraction on federal land, which represents 84.9% of all land in Nevada.

For a detailed view of how gold mining affects communities in northern Nevada, read the case study on Elko and Eureka Counties or the case study on Humboldt and Lander Counties.

Production

Energy production: The U.S. Energy Information Administration publishes a profile of energy production and usage in Nevada.

Nevada ranks among the top five states in the U.S. for production of:

  • Geothermal: #2 in the nation (20% of U.S. production)
  • Solar: #4 in the nation (6% of U.S. production)

Nonenergy minerals: The U.S. Geological Survey publishes information about nonenergy mineral extraction in the USGS Minerals Yearbook for Nevada.

The Energy Information Administration collects data about all energy-related natural resources produced on federal, state, and privately owned land.
Data and documentation

Hydroelectric

2,288,377 megawatt hours of hydroelectric energy were produced in Nevada in 2015.

Crude oil

281,000 barrels of crude oil were produced in Nevada in 2015.

Geothermal

3,400,353 megawatt hours of geothermal energy were produced in Nevada in 2015.

Natural gas

0 mcf of natural gas were produced in Nevada in 2015.

Other biomass

24,569 megawatt hours of other biomass energy were produced in Nevada in 2015.

Solar

1,693,988 megawatt hours of solar energy were produced in Nevada in 2015.

Wind

309,724 megawatt hours of wind energy were produced in Nevada in 2015.

Wood-derived fuel

0 megawatt hours of wood-derived fuel energy were produced in Nevada in 2015.

The Office of Natural Resources Revenue collects detailed data about natural resource production on federal land in Nevada.
Data and documentation

Gas

3,774 mcf of gas were produced on federal land in Nevada in 2015.

County production

Elko County Nye County Elko County Nye County
County production of gas in 2015 (mcf)

Geothermal

19,439,305 hundred gallons of geothermal energy were produced on federal land in Nevada in 2015.

County production

Churchill County Churchill County
County production of geothermal energy in 2015 (cgal)

Geothermal

1,867,808,666 kilowatt hours of geothermal energy were produced on federal land in Nevada in 2015.

County production

Churchill County Eureka County Humboldt County Lander County Lyon County Mineral County Pershing County Washoe County Churchill County Eureka County Humboldt County Lander County Lyon County Mineral County Pershing County Washoe County
County production of geothermal energy in 2015 (kWh)

Oil

280,617 barrels of oil were produced on federal land in Nevada in 2015.

County production

Elko County Eureka County Nye County Elko County Eureka County Nye County
County production of oil in 2015 (bbl)

Data withheld

Production volume in Nevada was withheld for the following product(s):

  • Potash (’13)

Revenue

Companies pay a wide range of fees, rates, and taxes to extract natural resources in the United States. What companies pay to federal, state, and local governments often depends on who owns the natural resources.

Natural resource extraction can lead to federal revenue in two ways: non-tax revenue and tax revenue. Most USEITI data is about non-tax revenue from extractive industry activities on federal land.
Data and documentation

Revenue from production on federal land by resource

When companies extract natural resources on federal lands and waters, they pay royalties, rents, bonuses, and other fees, much like they would to any landowner. This non-tax revenue is collected and reported by the Office of Natural Resources Revenue (ONRR).

For details about the laws and policies that govern how rights are awarded to companies and what they pay to extract natural resources on federal land: coal, oil and gas, renewable resources, and hardrock minerals.

The federal government collects different kinds of fees at each phase of natural resource extraction. This chart shows how much federal revenue was collected in 2015 for production or potential production of natural resources on federal land in Nevada, broken down by phase of production.

Commodity 1. Securing rights 2. Before production 3. During production Other revenue
Oil and Gas
Oil & Gas
$4,186,864
$31,384 $2,594,335 Oil $1,538,343 $22,802
Geothermal
Geothermal
$4,239,100
$0 $967,049 $3,083,493 $188,558
Other products
Potassium
$15,006
$0 $0 $271 $14,735
All commodities
All commodities
$8,440,970
$31,384 $3,561,384 $4,622,107 $226,095

Most non-tax revenue collected by ONRR comes from counties with significant natural resources on federal land.
Data and documentation

All commodities

Companies paid $8,440,970 to produce natural resources on federal land in Nevada in 2015.

Revenue collected by County

Churchill Clark Elko Esmeralda Eureka Humboldt Lander Lincoln Lyon Mineral Nye Pershing Washoe White Pine Churchill Clark Elko Esmeralda Eureka Humboldt Lander Lincoln Lyon Mineral Nye Pershing Washoe White Pine
County revenue in 2015

Federal tax revenue

Individuals and corporations (specifically C-corporations) pay income taxes to the IRS. Depending on company income, federal corporate income tax rates can range from 15–35%. Public policy provisions, such as tax expenditures, can decrease corporate income tax and other revenue payments in order to romote other policy goals.

Learn more about revenue from extraction on all lands and waters.

We don’t have detailed data about federal, state, or local revenue from natural resource extraction on land owned by Nevada, corporations, or individuals. However, companies generally must pay state and local taxes.

Disbursements

After collecting revenue from natural resource extraction, the Office of Natural Resources Revenue distributes that money to different agencies, funds, and local governments for public use. This process is called “disbursement.”

Most federal revenue disbursements go into national funds. For detailed data about which expenditures and projects from those national funds are in Nevada, see nationwide federal disbursements.

ONRR also disburses some revenue from natural resource extraction to state governments. In 2015, ONRR disbursed $5,980,484 to Nevada.

Data and documentation

We don’t have detailed data about how states or local governments distribute revenue from natural resource extraction.

Economic impact

Data about each state’s gross domestic product comes from the Bureau of Economic Analysis.
Data and documentation

GDP (dollars)

In 2015, extractive industries accounted for 2.3% of Nevada’s GDP, or $3,240,000,000

Wage and salary data, from the Bureau of Labor Statistics, describes the number of people employed in natural resource extraction that receive wages or salaries from companies.
Data and documentation

Wage and salary jobs

In 2015, there were jobs in the extractive industries in Nevada, and they accounted for 1.1% of statewide employment.

County wage and salary jobs

Churchill County Clark County Elko County Eureka County Humboldt County Lander County Lincoln County Lyon County Mineral County Nye County Pershing County Storey County Washoe County White Pine County Churchill County Clark County Elko County Eureka County Humboldt County Lander County Lincoln County Lyon County Mineral County Nye County Pershing County Storey County Washoe County White Pine County
County employment in extractive industries (jobs, 2015)

Self-employment data, from the Bureau of Economic Analysis, describes people who work in natural resource extraction, but don’t receive wages or salaries because they own their own companies.
Data and documentation

Self-employment

In 2014, there were self-employed people working in the extractive industries in Nevada.

The U.S. Census Bureau collects information about the top 25 exports in each state. In 2015, one or more natural resources ranked among the top 25 exports from Nevada.
Data and documentation

Gold

$3,941,220,000 worth of gold was exported from Nevada in 2015.

Copper

$326,920,000 worth of copper was exported from Nevada in 2015.

Silver

$244,170,000 worth of silver was exported from Nevada in 2015.

State governance

The USEITI Multi-Stakeholder Group identified Nevada as a priority state and gathered additional information about state agencies and regulations that govern natural resource extraction in Nevada: