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New Mexico

Land ownership

Natural resource extraction varies widely from state to state. In New Mexico, extractive industries accounted for 10.0% of gross domestic product (GDP) in 2015, and jobs in the extractive industries made up 3.2% of statewide employment.

Natural resource ownership in the U.S. is closely tied to land ownership. Land can be owned by citizens, corporations, Indian tribes or individuals, or governments (for instance, federal, state, or local governments). Many USEITI datasets only cover natural resource extraction on federal land, which represents 34.7% of all land in New Mexico.

Production

Energy production: The U.S. Energy Information Administration publishes a profile of energy production and usage in New Mexico.

Nonenergy minerals: The U.S. Geological Survey publishes information about nonenergy mineral extraction in the USGS Minerals Yearbook for New Mexico.

The Energy Information Administration collects data about all energy-related natural resources produced on federal, state, and privately owned land.
Data and documentation

Coal

0 short tons of coal were produced in New Mexico in 2015.

Hydroelectric

120,550 megawatt hours of hydroelectric energy were produced in New Mexico in 2015.

Crude oil

146,746,000 barrels of crude oil were produced in New Mexico in 2015.

Geothermal

13,329 megawatt hours of geothermal energy were produced in New Mexico in 2015.

Natural gas

1,289,908,000 mcf of natural gas were produced in New Mexico in 2015.

Other biomass

13,798 megawatt hours of other biomass energy were produced in New Mexico in 2015.

Solar

646,151 megawatt hours of solar energy were produced in New Mexico in 2015.

Wind

2,067,197 megawatt hours of wind energy were produced in New Mexico in 2015.

The Office of Natural Resources Revenue collects detailed data about natural resource production on federal land in New Mexico.
Data and documentation

Brine Barrels

0 barrels of brine barrels were produced on federal land in New Mexico in 2015.

County production

Eddy County Lea County Eddy County Lea County
County production of brine barrels in 2015 (bbl)

Gas

796,308,478 mcf of gas were produced on federal land in New Mexico in 2015.

County production

Bernalillo County Chaves County Colfax County Eddy County Harding County Lea County McKinley County Otero County Quay County Rio Arriba County Roosevelt County Sandoval County San Juan County Union County Bernalillo County Chaves County Colfax County Eddy County Harding County Lea County McKinley County Otero County Quay County Rio Arriba County Roosevelt County Sandoval County San Juan County Union County
County production of gas in 2015 (mcf)

Geothermal

281,998,685 million gallons of geothermal energy were produced on federal land in New Mexico in 2015.

County production

Dona Ana County Dona Ana County
County production of geothermal energy in 2015 (Mgal)

Geothermal

10,449,799 kilowatt hours of geothermal energy were produced on federal land in New Mexico in 2015.

County production

Hidalgo County Hidalgo County
County production of geothermal energy in 2015 (kWh)

Langbeinite

553,269 tons of langbeinite were produced on federal land in New Mexico in 2015.

County production

Eddy County Eddy County
County production of langbeinite in 2015 (tons)

Muriate Of Potash-Granular

406,045 tons of muriate of potash-granular were produced on federal land in New Mexico in 2015.

County production

Eddy County Eddy County
County production of muriate of potash-granular in 2015 (tons)

Muriate Of Potash-Standard

55,777 tons of muriate of potash-standard were produced on federal land in New Mexico in 2015.

County production

Eddy County Eddy County
County production of muriate of potash-standard in 2015 (tons)

Oil

80,572,911 barrels of oil were produced on federal land in New Mexico in 2015.

County production

Bernalillo County Chaves County Eddy County Lea County McKinley County Rio Arriba County Roosevelt County Sandoval County San Juan County Bernalillo County Chaves County Eddy County Lea County McKinley County Rio Arriba County Roosevelt County Sandoval County San Juan County
County production of oil in 2015 (bbl)

Potash

0 tons of potash were produced on federal land in New Mexico in 2015.

County production

Eddy County Eddy County
County production of potash in 2015 (tons)

Salt

377,585 tons of salt were produced on federal land in New Mexico in 2015.

County production

Eddy County Eddy County
County production of salt in 2015 (tons)

Data withheld

Production volume in New Mexico was withheld for the following product(s):

  • Coal (’06–’15)

Revenue

Companies pay a wide range of fees, rates, and taxes to extract natural resources in the United States. What companies pay to federal, state, and local governments often depends on who owns the natural resources.

Natural resource extraction can lead to federal revenue in two ways: non-tax revenue and tax revenue. Most USEITI data is about non-tax revenue from extractive industry activities on federal land.
Data and documentation

Revenue from production on federal land by resource

When companies extract natural resources on federal lands and waters, they pay royalties, rents, bonuses, and other fees, much like they would to any landowner. This non-tax revenue is collected and reported by the Office of Natural Resources Revenue (ONRR).

For details about the laws and policies that govern how rights are awarded to companies and what they pay to extract natural resources on federal land: coal, oil and gas, renewable resources, and hardrock minerals.

The federal government collects different kinds of fees at each phase of natural resource extraction. This chart shows how much federal revenue was collected in 2015 for production or potential production of natural resources on federal land in New Mexico, broken down by phase of production.

Commodity 1. Securing rights 2. Before production 3. During production Other revenue
Oil and Gas
Oil & Gas
$824,382,558
$73,706,834 $1,668,134 Oil
$477,323,946
Gas
$230,104,992
NGL
$43,933,670
$-2,355,018
Coal
Coal
$19,457,749
$460,000 $78,234 $18,866,853 $52,662
Geothermal
Geothermal
$48,152
$0 $26,210 $17,603 $4,340
Other products
Potassium
$14,493,228
$0 $20,557 $14,196,527 $276,144
Carbon dioxide
$784,354
$0 $0 $784,354 $0
Sodium
$549,410
$0 $0 $549,410 $0
All commodities
All commodities
$859,715,451
$74,166,834 $1,793,135 $785,777,355 $-2,021,872

Most non-tax revenue collected by ONRR comes from counties with significant natural resources on federal land.
Data and documentation

All commodities

Companies paid $859,715,451 to produce natural resources on federal land in New Mexico in 2015.

Revenue collected by County

Bernalillo Catron Chaves Cibola Colfax Curry De Baca Dona Ana Eddy Grant Guadalupe Harding Hidalgo Lea Luna Mckinley Otero Quay Rio Arriba Roosevelt Sandoval San Juan San Miguel Socorro Taos Torrance Union Valencia Bernalillo Catron Chaves Cibola Colfax Curry De Baca Dona Ana Eddy Grant Guadalupe Harding Hidalgo Lea Luna Mckinley Otero Quay Rio Arriba Roosevelt Sandoval San Juan San Miguel Socorro Taos Torrance Union Valencia
County revenue in 2015

Federal tax revenue

Individuals and corporations (specifically C-corporations) pay income taxes to the IRS. Depending on company income, federal corporate income tax rates can range from 15–35%. Public policy provisions, such as tax expenditures, can decrease corporate income tax and other revenue payments in order to romote other policy goals.

Learn more about revenue from extraction on all lands and waters.

We don’t have detailed data about federal, state, or local revenue from natural resource extraction on land owned by New Mexico, corporations, or individuals. However, companies generally must pay state and local taxes.

Disbursements

After collecting revenue from natural resource extraction, the Office of Natural Resources Revenue distributes that money to different agencies, funds, and local governments for public use. This process is called “disbursement.”

Most federal revenue disbursements go into national funds. For detailed data about which expenditures and projects from those national funds are in New Mexico, see nationwide federal disbursements.

ONRR also disburses some revenue from natural resource extraction to state governments. In 2015, ONRR disbursed $496,043,426 to New Mexico.

Data and documentation

We don’t have detailed data about how states or local governments distribute revenue from natural resource extraction.

Economic impact

Data about each state’s gross domestic product comes from the Bureau of Economic Analysis.
Data and documentation

GDP (dollars)

In 2015, extractive industries accounted for 10.0% of New Mexico’s GDP, or $9,298,000,000

Wage and salary data, from the Bureau of Labor Statistics, describes the number of people employed in natural resource extraction that receive wages or salaries from companies.
Data and documentation

Wage and salary jobs

In 2015, there were jobs in the extractive industries in New Mexico, and they accounted for 3.2% of statewide employment.

County wage and salary jobs

Bernalillo County Catron County Chaves County Colfax County Curry County Dona Ana County Eddy County Grant County Lea County Lincoln County Luna County Mckinley County Otero County Rio Arriba County Roosevelt County Sandoval County San Juan County San Miguel County Santa Fe County Sierra County Taos County Union County Valencia County Bernalillo County Catron County Chaves County Colfax County Curry County Dona Ana County Eddy County Grant County Lea County Lincoln County Luna County Mckinley County Otero County Rio Arriba County Roosevelt County Sandoval County San Juan County San Miguel County Santa Fe County Sierra County Taos County Union County Valencia County
County employment in extractive industries (jobs, 2015)

Self-employment data, from the Bureau of Economic Analysis, describes people who work in natural resource extraction, but don’t receive wages or salaries because they own their own companies.
Data and documentation

Self-employment

In 2014, there were self-employed people working in the extractive industries in New Mexico.

The U.S. Census Bureau collects information about the top 25 exports in each state. In 2015, extractive industries products did not rank among the top 25 exports from New Mexico.
Data and documentation

State governance

The USEITI Multi-Stakeholder Group identified New Mexico as a priority state and gathered additional information about state agencies and regulations that govern natural resource extraction in New Mexico: