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New Mexico

Land ownership

Natural resource extraction varies widely from state to state. In New Mexico, extractive industries accounted for 10.0% of gross domestic product (GDP) in 2015, and jobs in the extractive industries made up 3.2% of statewide employment.

Natural resource ownership in the U.S. is closely tied to land ownership. Land can be owned by citizens, corporations, Indian tribes or individuals, or governments (for instance, federal, state, or local governments). Many USEITI datasets only cover natural resource extraction on federal land, which represents 34.7% of all land in New Mexico.

Production

Energy production: The U.S. Energy Information Administration publishes a profile of energy production and usage in New Mexico.

Nonenergy minerals: The U.S. Geological Survey publishes information about nonenergy mineral extraction in the USGS Minerals Yearbook for New Mexico.

The Energy Information Administration collects data about all energy-related natural resources produced on federal, state, and privately owned land.

Data and documentation

Coal

0 tons of coal were produced in New Mexico in 2016.

Hydroelectric

145,930 megawatt hours of hydroelectric energy were produced in New Mexico in 2016.

Crude oil

147,302,000 barrels of crude oil were produced in New Mexico in 2016.

Geothermal

15,850 megawatt hours of geothermal energy were produced in New Mexico in 2016.

Natural gas

1,286,992,000 mcf of natural gas were produced in New Mexico in 2016.

Other biomass

17,663 megawatt hours of other biomass energy were produced in New Mexico in 2016.

Solar

804,392 megawatt hours of solar energy were produced in New Mexico in 2016.

Wind

3,613,982 megawatt hours of wind energy were produced in New Mexico in 2016.

The Office of Natural Resources Revenue collects detailed data about natural resource production on federal land in New Mexico.

Data and documentation

Gas

782,531,351 mcf of gas were produced on federal land in New Mexico in 2016.

County production

Bernalillo County Chaves County Colfax County Eddy County Harding County Lea County McKinley County Otero County Quay County Rio Arriba County Roosevelt County Sandoval County San Juan County Union County Bernalillo County Chaves County Colfax County Eddy County Harding County Lea County McKinley County Otero County Quay County Rio Arriba County Roosevelt County Sandoval County San Juan County Union County
County production of gas in 2016 (mcf)

Geothermal

126,844,073 million gallons of geothermal energy were produced on federal land in New Mexico in 2016.

County production

Dona Ana County Dona Ana County
County production of geothermal energy in 2016 (Mgal)

Geothermal

14,251,980 kilowatt hours of geothermal energy were produced on federal land in New Mexico in 2016.

County production

Hidalgo County Hidalgo County
County production of geothermal energy in 2016 (kWh)

Langbeinite

566,535 tons of langbeinite were produced on federal land in New Mexico in 2016.

County production

Eddy County Lea County Eddy County Lea County
County production of langbeinite in 2016 (tons)

Muriate Of Potash-Granular

221,543 tons of muriate of potash-granular were produced on federal land in New Mexico in 2016.

County production

Eddy County Eddy County
County production of muriate of potash-granular in 2016 (tons)

Muriate Of Potash-Standard

78,057 tons of muriate of potash-standard were produced on federal land in New Mexico in 2016.

County production

Eddy County Lea County Eddy County Lea County
County production of muriate of potash-standard in 2016 (tons)

Oil

77,491,483 barrels of oil were produced on federal land in New Mexico in 2016.

County production

Bernalillo County Chaves County Eddy County Lea County McKinley County Rio Arriba County Roosevelt County Sandoval County San Juan County Bernalillo County Chaves County Eddy County Lea County McKinley County Rio Arriba County Roosevelt County Sandoval County San Juan County
County production of oil in 2016 (bbl)

Salt

329,242 tons of salt were produced on federal land in New Mexico in 2016.

County production

Eddy County Eddy County
County production of salt in 2016 (tons)

Data withheld

Production volume in New Mexico was withheld for the following product(s):

  • Coal (’07–’16)
  • Potash (’07–’16)

Revenue

Companies pay a wide range of fees, rates, and taxes to extract natural resources in the United States. What companies pay to federal, state, and local governments often depends on who owns the natural resources.

Natural resource extraction can lead to federal revenue in two ways: non-tax revenue and tax revenue. Most USEITI data is about non-tax revenue from extractive industry activities on federal land.

Data and documentation

Revenue from production on federal land by resource

When companies extract natural resources on federal lands and waters, they pay royalties, rents, bonuses, and other fees, much like they would to any landowner. This non-tax revenue is collected and reported by the Office of Natural Resources Revenue (ONRR).

For details about the laws and policies that govern how rights are awarded to companies and what they pay to extract natural resources on federal land: coal, oil and gas, renewable resources, and hardrock minerals.

The federal government collects different kinds of fees at each phase of natural resource extraction. This chart shows how much federal revenue was collected in 2016 for production or potential production of natural resources on federal land in New Mexico, broken down by phase of production.

Commodity 1. Securing rights 2. Before production 3. During production Other revenue
Oil and Gas
Oil & Gas
$630,738,999
$28,525,050 $1,141,587 Oil $366,395,661 Gas $187,532,672 NGL $46,540,147 $603,882
Coal
Coal
$13,030,864
$460,000 $78,234 $12,440,845 $51,785
Geothermal
Geothermal
$56,742
$0 $27,630 $26,389 $2,724
Other products
Potassium
$10,202,100
$292,376 $27,955 $9,549,575 $332,194
Carbon dioxide
$679,169
$0 $0 $679,169 $0
Sodium
$716,277
$0 $0 $716,012 $265
All commodities
All commodities
$655,424,151
$29,277,426 $1,275,406 $623,880,470 $990,850

Most non-tax revenue collected by ONRR comes from counties with significant natural resources on federal land.

Data and documentation

All commodities

Companies paid $655,424,151 to produce natural resources on federal land in New Mexico in 2016.

Revenue collected by County

Bernalillo Catron Chaves Cibola Colfax Curry De Baca Dona Ana Eddy Grant Guadalupe Harding Hidalgo Lea Luna Mckinley Otero Quay Rio Arriba Roosevelt Sandoval San Juan San Miguel Socorro Taos Torrance Union Valencia Bernalillo Catron Chaves Cibola Colfax Curry De Baca Dona Ana Eddy Grant Guadalupe Harding Hidalgo Lea Luna Mckinley Otero Quay Rio Arriba Roosevelt Sandoval San Juan San Miguel Socorro Taos Torrance Union Valencia
County revenue in 2016

Federal tax revenue

Individuals and corporations (specifically C-corporations) pay income taxes to the IRS. Depending on company income, federal corporate income tax rates can range from 15–35%. Public policy provisions, such as tax expenditures, can decrease corporate income tax and other revenue payments in order to romote other policy goals.

Learn more about revenue from extraction on all lands and waters.

We don’t have detailed data about federal, state, or local revenue from natural resource extraction on land owned by New Mexico, corporations, or individuals. However, companies generally must pay state and local taxes.

Disbursements

After collecting revenue from natural resource extraction, the Office of Natural Resources Revenue distributes that money to different agencies, funds, and local governments for public use. This process is called “disbursement.”

Most federal revenue disbursements go into national funds. For detailed data about which expenditures and projects from those national funds are in New Mexico, see nationwide federal disbursements.

ONRR also disburses some revenue from natural resource extraction to state governments. In 2016, ONRR disbursed $368,616,183 to New Mexico.

Data and documentation

We don’t have detailed data about how states or local governments distribute revenue from natural resource extraction.

Economic impact

USEITI economic impact data covers gross domestic product and two different types of jobs data.

To learn more about direct energy employment across all sectors of the U.S. economy, another useful resource is 2017 U.S. Energy and Employment Report from the Department of Energy. This report has a separate state-by-state analysis of energy employment.

Data about each state’s gross domestic product comes from the Bureau of Economic Analysis.

Data and documentation

GDP (dollars)

In 2015, extractive industries accounted for 10.0% of New Mexico’s GDP, or $9,298,000,000

Employment data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics describes the number of people who receive wages or salaries from companies.

Data and documentation

Extractive industry jobs

In 2016, there were jobs in the extractive industries in New Mexico, and they accounted for 3.2% of statewide employment.

Extractive industry jobs by county

Bernalillo County Catron County Chaves County Colfax County Curry County Dona Ana County Eddy County Grant County Lea County Lincoln County Luna County Mckinley County Otero County Rio Arriba County Roosevelt County Sandoval County San Juan County San Miguel County Santa Fe County Sierra County Taos County Union County Valencia County Bernalillo County Catron County Chaves County Colfax County Curry County Dona Ana County Eddy County Grant County Lea County Lincoln County Luna County Mckinley County Otero County Rio Arriba County Roosevelt County Sandoval County San Juan County San Miguel County Santa Fe County Sierra County Taos County Union County Valencia County
County employment in extractive industries (jobs, 2016)

Wage and salary jobs by commodity

Jobs are categorized according to the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). To learn more about how we grouped those categories, see data and documentation.

Geothermal, hydroelectric, solar, and wind energy categories are limited to jobs directly related to electrical energy generation. To learn more about all energy-related employment, see the 2017 U.S. Energy and Employment Report from the Department of Energy.

oil and gas

In 2016, there were 15,521 oil and gas jobs in New Mexico.

nonenergy mineral

In 2016, there were 1,660 nonenergy mineral jobs in New Mexico.

coal

In 2016, there were coal jobs in New Mexico.

wind energy

In 2016, there were wind energy jobs in New Mexico.

Self-employment data, from the Bureau of Economic Analysis, describes people who work in natural resource extraction, but don’t receive wages or salaries because they own their own companies.

Data and documentation

Self-employment

In 2015, there were self-employed people working in the extractive industries in New Mexico.

The U.S. Census Bureau collects information about the top 25 exports in each state. In 2015, extractive industries products did not rank among the top 25 exports from New Mexico.

Data and documentation

State governance

The USEITI Multi-Stakeholder Group identified New Mexico as a priority state and gathered additional information about state agencies and regulations that govern natural resource extraction in New Mexico: