US Department of the Interior Natural Resources Revenue Data

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North Dakota

Land ownership

Natural resource extraction varies widely from state to state. In North Dakota, extractive industries accounted for 13.5% of gross domestic product (GDP) in 2015, and jobs in the extractive industries made up 5.3% of statewide employment.

Natural resource ownership in the U.S. is closely tied to land ownership. Land can be owned by citizens, corporations, Indian tribes or individuals, or governments (for instance, federal, state, or local governments). Much of the data on this site is limited to natural resource extraction on federal land, which represents 3.9% of all land in North Dakota.

Production

Energy production: The U.S. Energy Information Administration publishes a profile of energy production and usage in North Dakota.

North Dakota ranks among the top five states in the U.S. for production of:

  • Crude oil: #2 in the nation (12% of U.S. production)

Nonenergy minerals: The U.S. Geological Survey publishes information about nonenergy mineral extraction in the USGS Minerals Yearbook for North Dakota.

The Energy Information Administration collects data about all energy-related natural resources produced on federal, state, and privately owned land.

Data and documentation

Coal

0 tons of coal were produced in North Dakota in 2016.

Hydroelectric

1,912,005 megawatt hours of hydroelectric energy were produced in North Dakota in 2016.

Crude oil

378,439,000 barrels of crude oil were produced in North Dakota in 2016.

Natural gas

605,122,000 mcf of natural gas were produced in North Dakota in 2016.

Other biomass

11,203 megawatt hours of other biomass energy were produced in North Dakota in 2016.

Wind

8,079,718 megawatt hours of wind energy were produced in North Dakota in 2016.

The Office of Natural Resources Revenue collects detailed data about natural resource production on federal land in North Dakota.

Data and documentation

Coal

4,738,941 tons of coal were produced on federal land in North Dakota in 2016.

County production

Mercer County Oliver County Mercer County Oliver County
County production of coal in 2016 (tons)

Gas

49,001,387 mcf of gas were produced on federal land in North Dakota in 2016.

County production

Billings County Bottineau County Bowman County Burke County Divide County Dunn County Golden Valley County McKenzie County Mountrail County Renville County Slope County Stark County Williams County Billings County Bottineau County Bowman County Burke County Divide County Dunn County Golden Valley County McKenzie County Mountrail County Renville County Slope County Stark County Williams County
County production of gas in 2016 (mcf)

Oil

27,828,322 barrels of oil were produced on federal land in North Dakota in 2016.

County production

Billings County Bottineau County Bowman County Burke County Divide County Dunn County Golden Valley County McKenzie County Mountrail County Renville County Slope County Stark County Williams County Billings County Bottineau County Bowman County Burke County Divide County Dunn County Golden Valley County McKenzie County Mountrail County Renville County Slope County Stark County Williams County
County production of oil in 2016 (bbl)

Revenue

Companies pay a wide range of fees, rates, and taxes to extract natural resources in the United States. What companies pay to federal, state, and local governments often depends on who owns the natural resources.

Natural resource extraction can lead to federal revenue in two ways: non-tax revenue and tax revenue. Revenue data on this site primarily includes non-tax revenue from extractive industry activities on federal land.

Data and documentation

Revenue from production on federal land by resource

When companies extract natural resources on federal lands and waters, they pay royalties, rents, bonuses, and other fees, much like they would to any landowner. This non-tax revenue is collected and reported by the Office of Natural Resources Revenue (ONRR).

For details about the laws and policies that govern how rights are awarded to companies and what they pay to extract natural resources on federal land: coal, oil and gas, renewable resources, and hardrock minerals.

The federal government collects different kinds of fees at each phase of natural resource extraction. This chart shows how much federal revenue was collected in 2016 for production or potential production of natural resources on federal land in North Dakota, broken down by phase of production.

Commodity 1. Securing rights 2. Before production 3. During production Other revenue
Oil and Gas
Oil & Gas
$109,955,350
$36,400 $385,793 Oil $100,414,406 Gas $8,387,222 NGL $260,886 $470,643
Coal
Coal
$2,835,283
$0 $31,188 $2,804,095 $0
All commodities
All commodities
$112,790,633
$36,400 $416,981 $111,866,609 $470,643

Most non-tax revenue collected by ONRR comes from counties with significant natural resources on federal land.

Data and documentation

All commodities

Companies paid $112,790,633 to produce natural resources on federal land in North Dakota in 2016.

Revenue collected by County

Billings Bottineau Bowman Burke Burleigh Divide Dunn Golden Valle Mchenry Mckenzie Mclean Mercer Mountrail Oliver Renville Slope Stark Ward Wells Williams Billings Bottineau Bowman Burke Burleigh Divide Dunn Golden Valle Mchenry Mckenzie Mclean Mercer Mountrail Oliver Renville Slope Stark Ward Wells Williams
County revenue in 2016

Federal tax revenue

Individuals and corporations (specifically C-corporations) pay income taxes to the IRS. Depending on company income, federal corporate income tax rates can range from 15–35%. Public policy provisions, such as tax expenditures, can decrease corporate income tax and other revenue payments in order to promote other policy goals.

Learn more about revenue from extraction on all lands and waters.

We don’t have detailed data about federal, state, or local revenue from natural resource extraction on land owned by North Dakota, corporations, or individuals. However, companies generally must pay state and local taxes.

Disbursements

After collecting revenue from natural resource extraction, the Office of Natural Resources Revenue distributes that money to different agencies, funds, and local governments for public use. This process is called “disbursement.”

Most federal revenue disbursements go into national funds. For detailed data about which expenditures and projects from those national funds are in North Dakota, see nationwide federal disbursements.

ONRR also disburses some revenue from natural resource extraction to state governments. In 2016, ONRR disbursed $32,521,124 to North Dakota.

Data and documentation

We don’t have detailed data about how states or local governments distribute revenue from natural resource extraction.

Economic impact

This data covers gross domestic product and two different types of jobs data.

To learn more about direct energy employment across all sectors of the U.S. economy, another useful resource is 2017 U.S. Energy and Employment Report from the Department of Energy. This report has a separate state-by-state analysis of energy employment.

Data about each state’s gross domestic product comes from the Bureau of Economic Analysis.

Data and documentation

GDP (dollars)

In 2015, extractive industries accounted for 13.5% of North Dakota’s GDP, or $7,549,000,000

Employment data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics describes the number of people who receive wages or salaries from companies.

Data and documentation

Extractive industry jobs

In 2016, there were jobs in the extractive industries in North Dakota, and they accounted for 5.3% of statewide employment.

Extractive industry jobs by county

Adams County Billings County Bottineau County Bowman County Burke County Burleigh County Cass County Divide County Dunn County Eddy County Golden Valley County Grand Forks County McHenry County McKenzie County Morton County Mountrail County Pembina County Renville County Stark County Ward County Williams County Adams County Billings County Bottineau County Bowman County Burke County Burleigh County Cass County Divide County Dunn County Eddy County Golden Valley County Grand Forks County McHenry County McKenzie County Morton County Mountrail County Pembina County Renville County Stark County Ward County Williams County
County employment in extractive industries (jobs, 2016)

Wage and salary jobs by commodity

Jobs are categorized according to the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). To learn more about how we grouped those categories, see data and documentation.

Geothermal, hydroelectric, solar, and wind energy categories are limited to jobs directly related to electrical energy generation. To learn more about all energy-related employment, see the 2017 U.S. Energy and Employment Report from the Department of Energy.

oil and gas

In 2016, there were 13,146 oil and gas jobs in North Dakota.

coal

In 2016, there were 1,198 coal jobs in North Dakota.

nonenergy mineral

In 2016, there were 958 nonenergy mineral jobs in North Dakota.

Self-employment data, from the Bureau of Economic Analysis, describes people who work in natural resource extraction, but don’t receive wages or salaries because they own their own companies.

Data and documentation

Self-employment

In 2015, there were self-employed people working in the extractive industries in North Dakota.

The U.S. Census Bureau collects information about the top 25 exports in each state. In 2015, one or more natural resources ranked among the top 25 exports from North Dakota.

Data and documentation

Oil

$1,441,170,000 worth of oil was exported from North Dakota in 2015.

Gas

$92,940,000 worth of gas was exported from North Dakota in 2015.

State governance