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North Dakota

Land ownership

Natural resource extraction varies widely from state to state. In North Dakota, extractive industries accounted for 13.5% of gross domestic product (GDP) in 2015, and jobs in the extractive industries made up 5.3% of statewide employment.

Natural resource ownership in the U.S. is closely tied to land ownership. Land can be owned by citizens, corporations, Indian tribes or individuals, or governments (for instance, federal, state, or local governments). Many USEITI datasets only cover natural resource extraction on federal land, which represents 3.9% of all land in North Dakota.

Production

Energy production: The U.S. Energy Information Administration publishes a profile of energy production and usage in North Dakota.

North Dakota ranks among the top five states in the U.S. for production of:

  • Crude oil: #2 in the nation (12% of U.S. production)

Nonenergy minerals: The U.S. Geological Survey publishes information about nonenergy mineral extraction in the USGS Minerals Yearbook for North Dakota.

The Energy Information Administration collects data about all energy-related natural resources produced on federal, state, and privately owned land.
Data and documentation

Coal

0 short tons of coal were produced in North Dakota in 2015.

Hydroelectric

2,094,168 megawatt hours of hydroelectric energy were produced in North Dakota in 2015.

Crude oil

429,447,000 barrels of crude oil were produced in North Dakota in 2015.

Natural gas

581,761,000 mcf of natural gas were produced in North Dakota in 2015.

Other biomass

7,584 megawatt hours of other biomass energy were produced in North Dakota in 2015.

Wind

6,530,127 megawatt hours of wind energy were produced in North Dakota in 2015.

The Office of Natural Resources Revenue collects detailed data about natural resource production on federal land in North Dakota.
Data and documentation

Coal

5,261,915 tons of coal were produced on federal land in North Dakota in 2015.

County production

Mercer County Oliver County Mercer County Oliver County
County production of coal in 2015 (tons)

Gas

38,023,658 mcf of gas were produced on federal land in North Dakota in 2015.

County production

Billings County Bottineau County Bowman County Burke County Divide County Dunn County Golden Valley County McKenzie County Mountrail County Renville County Slope County Stark County Williams County Billings County Bottineau County Bowman County Burke County Divide County Dunn County Golden Valley County McKenzie County Mountrail County Renville County Slope County Stark County Williams County
County production of gas in 2015 (mcf)

Oil

25,365,148 barrels of oil were produced on federal land in North Dakota in 2015.

County production

Billings County Bottineau County Bowman County Burke County Divide County Dunn County Golden Valley County McKenzie County Mountrail County Renville County Slope County Stark County Williams County Billings County Bottineau County Bowman County Burke County Divide County Dunn County Golden Valley County McKenzie County Mountrail County Renville County Slope County Stark County Williams County
County production of oil in 2015 (bbl)

Revenue

Companies pay a wide range of fees, rates, and taxes to extract natural resources in the United States. What companies pay to federal, state, and local governments often depends on who owns the natural resources.

Natural resource extraction can lead to federal revenue in two ways: non-tax revenue and tax revenue. Most USEITI data is about non-tax revenue from extractive industry activities on federal land.
Data and documentation

Revenue from production on federal land by resource

When companies extract natural resources on federal lands and waters, they pay royalties, rents, bonuses, and other fees, much like they would to any landowner. This non-tax revenue is collected and reported by the Office of Natural Resources Revenue (ONRR).

For details about the laws and policies that govern how rights are awarded to companies and what they pay to extract natural resources on federal land: coal, oil and gas, renewable resources, and hardrock minerals.

The federal government collects different kinds of fees at each phase of natural resource extraction. This chart shows how much federal revenue was collected in 2015 for production or potential production of natural resources on federal land in North Dakota, broken down by phase of production.

Commodity 1. Securing rights 2. Before production 3. During production Other revenue
Oil and Gas
Oil & Gas
$148,131,935
$4,289,405 $496,837 Oil $135,320,730 Gas $8,881,085 NGL $1,321,526 $-2,177,648
Coal
Coal
$4,306,344
$0 $32,022 $4,273,846 $475
All commodities
All commodities
$152,438,279
$4,289,405 $528,859 $149,797,187 $-2,177,172

Most non-tax revenue collected by ONRR comes from counties with significant natural resources on federal land.
Data and documentation

All commodities

Companies paid $152,438,279 to produce natural resources on federal land in North Dakota in 2015.

Revenue collected by County

Billings Bottineau Bowman Burke Burleigh Divide Dunn Golden Valle Mchenry Mckenzie Mclean Mercer Mountrail Oliver Renville Slope Stark Ward Wells Williams Billings Bottineau Bowman Burke Burleigh Divide Dunn Golden Valle Mchenry Mckenzie Mclean Mercer Mountrail Oliver Renville Slope Stark Ward Wells Williams
County revenue in 2015

Federal tax revenue

Individuals and corporations (specifically C-corporations) pay income taxes to the IRS. Depending on company income, federal corporate income tax rates can range from 15–35%. Public policy provisions, such as tax expenditures, can decrease corporate income tax and other revenue payments in order to romote other policy goals.

Learn more about revenue from extraction on all lands and waters.

We don’t have detailed data about federal, state, or local revenue from natural resource extraction on land owned by North Dakota, corporations, or individuals. However, companies generally must pay state and local taxes.

Disbursements

After collecting revenue from natural resource extraction, the Office of Natural Resources Revenue distributes that money to different agencies, funds, and local governments for public use. This process is called “disbursement.”

Most federal revenue disbursements go into national funds. For detailed data about which expenditures and projects from those national funds are in North Dakota, see nationwide federal disbursements.

ONRR also disburses some revenue from natural resource extraction to state governments. In 2015, ONRR disbursed $47,164,777 to North Dakota.

Data and documentation

We don’t have detailed data about how states or local governments distribute revenue from natural resource extraction.

Economic impact

Data about each state’s gross domestic product comes from the Bureau of Economic Analysis.
Data and documentation

GDP (dollars)

In 2015, extractive industries accounted for 13.5% of North Dakota’s GDP, or $7,549,000,000

Wage and salary data, from the Bureau of Labor Statistics, describes the number of people employed in natural resource extraction that receive wages or salaries from companies.
Data and documentation

Wage and salary jobs

In 2015, there were jobs in the extractive industries in North Dakota, and they accounted for 5.3% of statewide employment.

County wage and salary jobs

Adams County Billings County Bottineau County Bowman County Burke County Burleigh County Cass County Divide County Dunn County Eddy County Golden Valley County Grand Forks County McHenry County McKenzie County Morton County Mountrail County Pembina County Renville County Stark County Ward County Williams County Adams County Billings County Bottineau County Bowman County Burke County Burleigh County Cass County Divide County Dunn County Eddy County Golden Valley County Grand Forks County McHenry County McKenzie County Morton County Mountrail County Pembina County Renville County Stark County Ward County Williams County
County employment in extractive industries (jobs, 2015)

Self-employment data, from the Bureau of Economic Analysis, describes people who work in natural resource extraction, but don’t receive wages or salaries because they own their own companies.
Data and documentation

Self-employment

In 2014, there were self-employed people working in the extractive industries in North Dakota.

The U.S. Census Bureau collects information about the top 25 exports in each state. In 2015, one or more natural resources ranked among the top 25 exports from North Dakota.
Data and documentation

Oil

$1,441,170,000 worth of oil was exported from North Dakota in 2015.

Gas

$92,940,000 worth of gas was exported from North Dakota in 2015.

State governance

The USEITI Multi-Stakeholder Group identified North Dakota as a priority state and gathered additional information about state agencies and regulations that govern natural resource extraction in North Dakota: