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North Carolina

Land ownership

Natural resource extraction varies widely from state to state. In North Carolina, extractive industries accounted for <1% of gross domestic product (GDP) in 2015.

Natural resource ownership in the U.S. is closely tied to land ownership. Land can be owned by citizens, corporations, Indian tribes or individuals, or governments (for instance, federal, state, or local governments). Many USEITI datasets only cover natural resource extraction on federal land, which represents 7.7% of all land in North Carolina.

Production

Energy production: The U.S. Energy Information Administration publishes a profile of energy production and usage in North Carolina.

North Carolina ranks among the top five states in the U.S. for production of:

  • Solar: #4 in the nation (5% of U.S. production)

Nonenergy minerals: The U.S. Geological Survey publishes information about nonenergy mineral extraction in the USGS Minerals Yearbook for North Carolina.

The Energy Information Administration collects data about all energy-related natural resources produced on federal, state, and privately owned land.
Data and documentation

Hydroelectric

4,529,492 megawatt hours of hydroelectric energy were produced in North Carolina in 2016.

Other biomass

576,402 megawatt hours of other biomass energy were produced in North Carolina in 2016.

Solar

3,854,133 megawatt hours of solar energy were produced in North Carolina in 2016.

Wind

5,579 megawatt hours of wind energy were produced in North Carolina in 2016.

Wood-derived fuel

1,846,575 megawatt hours of wood-derived fuel energy were produced in North Carolina in 2016.

The Office of Natural Resources Revenue collects detailed data about natural resources produced on federal land. According to that data, there was no natural resource production on federal land in North Carolina in 2015.
Data and documentation

Revenue

Companies pay a wide range of fees, rates, and taxes to extract natural resources in the United States. What companies pay to federal, state, and local governments often depends on who owns the natural resources.

Natural resource extraction can lead to federal revenue in two ways: non-tax revenue and tax revenue. Most USEITI data is about non-tax revenue from extractive industry activities on federal land.
Data and documentation

Revenue from production on federal land by resource

When companies extract natural resources on federal lands and waters, they pay royalties, rents, bonuses, and other fees, much like they would to any landowner. This non-tax revenue is collected and reported by the Office of Natural Resources Revenue (ONRR).

For details about the laws and policies that govern how rights are awarded to companies and what they pay to extract natural resources on federal land: coal, oil and gas, renewable resources, and hardrock minerals.

The federal government collects different kinds of fees at each phase of natural resource extraction. This chart shows how much federal revenue was collected in 2016 for production or potential production of natural resources on federal land in North Carolina, broken down by phase of production.

Commodity 1. Securing rights 2. Before production 3. During production Other revenue
Other products
Hardrock minerals
($474)
$0 $0 $0 ($474)
All commodities
All commodities
($474)
$0 $0 $0 ($474)

Most non-tax revenue collected by ONRR comes from counties with significant natural resources on federal land.
Data and documentation

All commodities

Companies paid $-474 to produce natural resources on federal land in North Carolina in 2016.

Revenue collected by County

Clay Clay
County revenue in 2016

Federal tax revenue

Individuals and corporations (specifically C-corporations) pay income taxes to the IRS. Depending on company income, federal corporate income tax rates can range from 15–35%. Public policy provisions, such as tax expenditures, can decrease corporate income tax and other revenue payments in order to romote other policy goals.

Learn more about revenue from extraction on all lands and waters.

We don’t have detailed data about federal, state, or local revenue from natural resource extraction on land owned by North Carolina, corporations, or individuals. However, companies generally must pay state and local taxes.

Disbursements

After collecting revenue from natural resource extraction, the Office of Natural Resources Revenue distributes that money to different agencies, funds, and local governments for public use. This process is called “disbursement.”

Most federal revenue disbursements go into national funds. For detailed data about which expenditures and projects from those national funds are in North Carolina, see nationwide federal disbursements.

ONRR also disburses some revenue from natural resource extraction to state governments. In 2016, ONRR disbursed $110 to North Carolina.

Data and documentation

We don’t have detailed data about how states or local governments distribute revenue from natural resource extraction.

Economic impact

USEITI economic impact data covers gross domestic product and two different types of jobs data.

To learn more about direct energy employment across all sectors of the U.S. economy, another useful resource is 2017 U.S. Energy and Employment Report from the Department of Energy. This report has a separate state-by-state analysis of energy employment.

Data about each state’s gross domestic product comes from the Bureau of Economic Analysis.
Data and documentation

GDP (dollars)

In 2015, extractive industries accounted for <1% of North Carolina’s GDP, or $339,000,000

Employment data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics describes the number of people who receive wages or salaries from companies.
Data and documentation

Extractive industry jobs

In 2016, there were jobs in the extractive industries in North Carolina, and they accounted for <1% of statewide employment.

Extractive industry jobs by county

Alamance County Buncombe County Burke County Caldwell County Chatham County Cherokee County Cleveland County Craven County Davidson County Davie County Edgecombe County Forsyth County Franklin County Graham County Guilford County Henderson County Iredell County Johnston County Lee County Lincoln County McDowell County Macon County Mecklenburg County Montgomery County Moore County Orange County Pender County Pitt County Randolph County Richmond County Rowan County Surry County Swain County Transylvania County Wake County Watauga County Wilson County Alamance County Buncombe County Burke County Caldwell County Chatham County Cherokee County Cleveland County Craven County Davidson County Davie County Edgecombe County Forsyth County Franklin County Graham County Guilford County Henderson County Iredell County Johnston County Lee County Lincoln County McDowell County Macon County Mecklenburg County Montgomery County Moore County Orange County Pender County Pitt County Randolph County Richmond County Rowan County Surry County Swain County Transylvania County Wake County Watauga County Wilson County
County employment in extractive industries (jobs, 2016)

Wage and salary jobs by commodity

Jobs are categorized according to the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). To learn more about how we grouped those categories, see data and documentation.

Geothermal, hydroelectric, solar, and wind energy categories are limited to jobs directly related to electrical energy generation. To learn more about all energy-related employment, see the 2017 U.S. Energy and Employment Report from the Department of Energy.

nonenergy mineral

In 2016, there were 2,182 nonenergy mineral jobs in North Carolina.

oil and gas

In 2016, there were 241 oil and gas jobs in North Carolina.

hydroelectric energy

In 2016, there were 56 hydroelectric energy jobs in North Carolina.

solar energy

In 2016, there were 118 solar energy jobs in North Carolina.

coal

In 2016, there were coal jobs in North Carolina.

Self-employment data, from the Bureau of Economic Analysis, describes people who work in natural resource extraction, but don’t receive wages or salaries because they own their own companies.
Data and documentation

Self-employment

In 2015, there were self-employed people working in the extractive industries in North Carolina.

The U.S. Census Bureau collects information about the top 25 exports in each state. In 2015, extractive industries products did not rank among the top 25 exports from North Carolina.
Data and documentation