USEITI logo
Explore data /

Minnesota

Land ownership

Natural resource extraction varies widely from state to state. In Minnesota, extractive industries accounted for <1% of gross domestic product (GDP) in 2015.

Natural resource ownership in the U.S. is closely tied to land ownership. Land can be owned by citizens, corporations, Indian tribes or individuals, or governments (for instance, federal, state, or local governments). Many USEITI datasets only cover natural resource extraction on federal land, which represents 6.8% of all land in Minnesota.

For a detailed view of how iron mining affects communities in Minnesota, read the St. Louis County case study.

Production

Energy production: The U.S. Energy Information Administration publishes a profile of energy production and usage in Minnesota.

Nonenergy minerals: The U.S. Geological Survey publishes information about nonenergy mineral extraction in the USGS Minerals Yearbook for Minnesota.

The Energy Information Administration collects data about all energy-related natural resources produced on federal, state, and privately owned land.
Data and documentation

Hydroelectric

884,411 megawatt hours of hydroelectric energy were produced in Minnesota in 2016.

Other biomass

664,767 megawatt hours of other biomass energy were produced in Minnesota in 2016.

Solar

20,842 megawatt hours of solar energy were produced in Minnesota in 2016.

Wind

10,636,885 megawatt hours of wind energy were produced in Minnesota in 2016.

Wood-derived fuel

1,141,343 megawatt hours of wood-derived fuel energy were produced in Minnesota in 2016.

The Office of Natural Resources Revenue collects detailed data about natural resources produced on federal land. According to that data, there was no natural resource production on federal land in Minnesota in 2015.
Data and documentation

Revenue

Companies pay a wide range of fees, rates, and taxes to extract natural resources in the United States. What companies pay to federal, state, and local governments often depends on who owns the natural resources.

Natural resource extraction can lead to federal revenue in two ways: non-tax revenue and tax revenue. Most USEITI data is about non-tax revenue from extractive industry activities on federal land.
Data and documentation

Revenue from production on federal land by resource

When companies extract natural resources on federal lands and waters, they pay royalties, rents, bonuses, and other fees, much like they would to any landowner. This non-tax revenue is collected and reported by the Office of Natural Resources Revenue (ONRR).

For details about the laws and policies that govern how rights are awarded to companies and what they pay to extract natural resources on federal land: coal, oil and gas, renewable resources, and hardrock minerals.

The federal government collects different kinds of fees at each phase of natural resource extraction. This chart shows how much federal revenue was collected in 2016 for production or potential production of natural resources on federal land in Minnesota, broken down by phase of production.

Commodity 1. Securing rights 2. Before production 3. During production Other revenue
Other products
Hardrock minerals
$25,508
$0 $2,958 $0 $22,550
Copper
$28,721
$0 $2,611 $0 $26,110
All commodities
All commodities
$54,229
$0 $5,569 $0 $48,660

Most non-tax revenue collected by ONRR comes from counties with significant natural resources on federal land.
Data and documentation

All commodities

Companies paid $54,229 to produce natural resources on federal land in Minnesota in 2016.

Revenue collected by County

Blue Earth Jackson Lake Le Sueur St Louis Blue Earth Jackson Lake Le Sueur St Louis
County revenue in 2016

Federal tax revenue

Individuals and corporations (specifically C-corporations) pay income taxes to the IRS. Depending on company income, federal corporate income tax rates can range from 15–35%. Public policy provisions, such as tax expenditures, can decrease corporate income tax and other revenue payments in order to romote other policy goals.

Learn more about revenue from extraction on all lands and waters.

We don’t have detailed data about federal, state, or local revenue from natural resource extraction on land owned by Minnesota, corporations, or individuals. However, companies generally must pay state and local taxes.

Disbursements

After collecting revenue from natural resource extraction, the Office of Natural Resources Revenue distributes that money to different agencies, funds, and local governments for public use. This process is called “disbursement.”

Most federal revenue disbursements go into national funds. For detailed data about which expenditures and projects from those national funds are in Minnesota, see nationwide federal disbursements.

ONRR also disburses some revenue from natural resource extraction to state governments. In 2016, ONRR disbursed $12,505 to Minnesota.

Data and documentation

We don’t have detailed data about how states or local governments distribute revenue from natural resource extraction.

Economic impact

USEITI economic impact data covers gross domestic product and two different types of jobs data.

To learn more about direct energy employment across all sectors of the U.S. economy, another useful resource is 2017 U.S. Energy and Employment Report from the Department of Energy. This report has a separate state-by-state analysis of energy employment.

Data about each state’s gross domestic product comes from the Bureau of Economic Analysis.
Data and documentation

GDP (dollars)

In 2015, extractive industries accounted for <1% of Minnesota’s GDP, or $2,284,000,000

Wage and salary data, from the Bureau of Labor Statistics, describes the number of people employed in natural resource extraction that receive wages or salaries from companies.
Data and documentation

Wage and salary jobs

In 2015, there were jobs in the extractive industries in Minnesota, and they accounted for <1% of statewide employment.

County wage and salary jobs

Aitkin County Becker County Carlton County Crow Wing County Dakota County Freeborn County Hennepin County Hubbard County Itasca County Kanabec County Marshall County Meeker County Mille Lacs County Morrison County Murray County Olmsted County Otter Tail County Pipestone County Polk County Ramsey County Rice County St. Louis County Scott County Stearns County Washington County Aitkin County Becker County Carlton County Crow Wing County Dakota County Freeborn County Hennepin County Hubbard County Itasca County Kanabec County Marshall County Meeker County Mille Lacs County Morrison County Murray County Olmsted County Otter Tail County Pipestone County Polk County Ramsey County Rice County St. Louis County Scott County Stearns County Washington County
County employment in extractive industries (jobs, 2015)

Self-employment data, from the Bureau of Economic Analysis, describes people who work in natural resource extraction, but don’t receive wages or salaries because they own their own companies.
Data and documentation

Self-employment

In 2014, there were self-employed people working in the extractive industries in Minnesota.

The U.S. Census Bureau collects information about the top 25 exports in each state. In 2015, extractive industries products did not rank among the top 25 exports from Minnesota.
Data and documentation

State governance

The USEITI Multi-Stakeholder Group identified Minnesota as a priority state and gathered additional information about state agencies and regulations that govern natural resource extraction in Minnesota: