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Michigan

Land ownership

Natural resource extraction varies widely from state to state. In Michigan, extractive industries accounted for <1% of gross domestic product (GDP) in 2015.

Natural resource ownership in the U.S. is closely tied to land ownership. Land can be owned by citizens, corporations, Indian tribes or individuals, or governments (for instance, federal, state, or local governments). Many USEITI datasets only cover natural resource extraction on federal land, which represents 10% of all land in Michigan.

For a detailed view of how iron mining affects communities in Michigan, read the Marquette County case study.

Production

Energy production: The U.S. Energy Information Administration publishes a profile of energy production and usage in Michigan.

Michigan ranks among the top five states in the U.S. for production of:

  • Other biomass: #5 in the nation (5% of U.S. production)

Nonenergy minerals: The U.S. Geological Survey publishes information about nonenergy mineral extraction in the USGS Minerals Yearbook for Michigan.

The Energy Information Administration collects data about all energy-related natural resources produced on federal, state, and privately owned land.
Data and documentation

Hydroelectric

1,548,041 megawatt hours of hydroelectric energy were produced in Michigan in 2016.

Natural gas

0 mcf of natural gas were produced in Michigan in 2016.

Other biomass

1,027,257 megawatt hours of other biomass energy were produced in Michigan in 2016.

Solar

16,780 megawatt hours of solar energy were produced in Michigan in 2016.

Wind

4,693,178 megawatt hours of wind energy were produced in Michigan in 2016.

Wood-derived fuel

1,476,111 megawatt hours of wood-derived fuel energy were produced in Michigan in 2016.

The Office of Natural Resources Revenue collects detailed data about natural resource production on federal land in Michigan.
Data and documentation

Gas

1,457,182 mcf of gas were produced on federal land in Michigan in 2015.

County production

Alcona County Calhoun County Clare County Crawford County Grand Traverse County Jackson County Kalkaska County Lake County Montmorency County Oscoda County Otsego County Roscommon County Alcona County Calhoun County Clare County Crawford County Grand Traverse County Jackson County Kalkaska County Lake County Montmorency County Oscoda County Otsego County Roscommon County
County production of gas in 2015 (mcf)

Oil

29,860 barrels of oil were produced on federal land in Michigan in 2015.

County production

Allegan County Calhoun County Clare County Grand Traverse County Jackson County Kalkaska County Lake County Newaygo County Oscoda County Roscommon County Allegan County Calhoun County Clare County Grand Traverse County Jackson County Kalkaska County Lake County Newaygo County Oscoda County Roscommon County
County production of oil in 2015 (bbl)

Revenue

Companies pay a wide range of fees, rates, and taxes to extract natural resources in the United States. What companies pay to federal, state, and local governments often depends on who owns the natural resources.

Natural resource extraction can lead to federal revenue in two ways: non-tax revenue and tax revenue. Most USEITI data is about non-tax revenue from extractive industry activities on federal land.
Data and documentation

Revenue from production on federal land by resource

When companies extract natural resources on federal lands and waters, they pay royalties, rents, bonuses, and other fees, much like they would to any landowner. This non-tax revenue is collected and reported by the Office of Natural Resources Revenue (ONRR).

For details about the laws and policies that govern how rights are awarded to companies and what they pay to extract natural resources on federal land: coal, oil and gas, renewable resources, and hardrock minerals.

The federal government collects different kinds of fees at each phase of natural resource extraction. This chart shows how much federal revenue was collected in 2016 for production or potential production of natural resources on federal land in Michigan, broken down by phase of production.

Commodity 1. Securing rights 2. Before production 3. During production Other revenue
Oil and Gas
Oil & Gas
$1,047,671
$457,512 $150,630 Oil
$76,351
Gas
$331,687
NGL
$21,394
$10,097
All commodities
All commodities
$1,047,672
$457,512 $150,630 $429,433 $10,097

Most non-tax revenue collected by ONRR comes from counties with significant natural resources on federal land.
Data and documentation

All commodities

Companies paid $1,047,672 to produce natural resources on federal land in Michigan in 2016.

Revenue collected by County

Alcona Allegan Antrim Baraga Calhoun Clare Crawford Grand Trvse Houghton Jackson Kalkaska Lake Manistee Mason Missaukee Montmorency Muskegon Newaygo Oceana Ogemaw Osceola Oscoda Otsego Roscommon Wexford Alcona Allegan Antrim Baraga Calhoun Clare Crawford Grand Trvse Houghton Jackson Kalkaska Lake Manistee Mason Missaukee Montmorency Muskegon Newaygo Oceana Ogemaw Osceola Oscoda Otsego Roscommon Wexford
County revenue in 2016

Federal tax revenue

Individuals and corporations (specifically C-corporations) pay income taxes to the IRS. Depending on company income, federal corporate income tax rates can range from 15–35%. Public policy provisions, such as tax expenditures, can decrease corporate income tax and other revenue payments in order to romote other policy goals.

Learn more about revenue from extraction on all lands and waters.

We don’t have detailed data about federal, state, or local revenue from natural resource extraction on land owned by Michigan, corporations, or individuals. However, companies generally must pay state and local taxes.

Disbursements

After collecting revenue from natural resource extraction, the Office of Natural Resources Revenue distributes that money to different agencies, funds, and local governments for public use. This process is called “disbursement.”

Most federal revenue disbursements go into national funds. For detailed data about which expenditures and projects from those national funds are in Michigan, see nationwide federal disbursements.

ONRR also disburses some revenue from natural resource extraction to state governments. In 2016, ONRR disbursed $96,175 to Michigan.

Data and documentation

We don’t have detailed data about how states or local governments distribute revenue from natural resource extraction.

Economic impact

USEITI economic impact data covers gross domestic product and two different types of jobs data.

To learn more about direct energy employment across all sectors of the U.S. economy, another useful resource is 2017 U.S. Energy and Employment Report from the Department of Energy. This report has a separate state-by-state analysis of energy employment.

Data about each state’s gross domestic product comes from the Bureau of Economic Analysis.
Data and documentation

GDP (dollars)

In 2015, extractive industries accounted for <1% of Michigan’s GDP, or $2,130,000,000

Wage and salary data, from the Bureau of Labor Statistics, describes the number of people employed in natural resource extraction that receive wages or salaries from companies.
Data and documentation

Wage and salary jobs

In 2015, there were jobs in the extractive industries in Michigan, and they accounted for <1% of statewide employment.

County wage and salary jobs

Allegan County Alpena County Antrim County Arenac County Baraga County Barry County Bay County Berrien County Calhoun County Chippewa County Clare County Clinton County Crawford County Delta County Eaton County Emmet County Genesee County Gladwin County Grand Traverse County Gratiot County Hillsdale County Ingham County Iosco County Isabella County Jackson County Kalamazoo County Kalkaska County Kent County Lapeer County Leelanau County Lenawee County Livingston County Mackinac County Manistee County Marquette County Mecosta County Menominee County Missaukee County Montcalm County Montmorency County Newaygo County Oakland County Oceana County Ogemaw County Osceola County Otsego County Ottawa County Roscommon County Saginaw County St. Clair County Sanilac County Schoolcraft County Shiawassee County Tuscola County Washtenaw County Wayne County Wexford County Allegan County Alpena County Antrim County Arenac County Baraga County Barry County Bay County Berrien County Calhoun County Chippewa County Clare County Clinton County Crawford County Delta County Eaton County Emmet County Genesee County Gladwin County Grand Traverse County Gratiot County Hillsdale County Ingham County Iosco County Isabella County Jackson County Kalamazoo County Kalkaska County Kent County Lapeer County Leelanau County Lenawee County Livingston County Mackinac County Manistee County Marquette County Mecosta County Menominee County Missaukee County Montcalm County Montmorency County Newaygo County Oakland County Oceana County Ogemaw County Osceola County Otsego County Ottawa County Roscommon County Saginaw County St. Clair County Sanilac County Schoolcraft County Shiawassee County Tuscola County Washtenaw County Wayne County Wexford County
County employment in extractive industries (jobs, 2015)

Self-employment data, from the Bureau of Economic Analysis, describes people who work in natural resource extraction, but don’t receive wages or salaries because they own their own companies.
Data and documentation

Self-employment

In 2014, there were self-employed people working in the extractive industries in Michigan.

The U.S. Census Bureau collects information about the top 25 exports in each state. In 2015, one or more natural resources ranked among the top 25 exports from Michigan.
Data and documentation

Gas

$1,219,460,000 worth of gas was exported from Michigan in 2015.

Other nonenergy minerals

$895,390,000 worth of other nonenergy minerals was exported from Michigan in 2015.