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Maine

Land ownership

Natural resource extraction varies widely from state to state. In Maine, extractive industries accounted for <1% of gross domestic product (GDP) in 2015.

Natural resource ownership in the U.S. is closely tied to land ownership. Land can be owned by citizens, corporations, Indian tribes or individuals, or governments (for instance, federal, state, or local governments). Many USEITI datasets only cover natural resource extraction on federal land, which represents 1.1% of all land in Maine.

Production

Energy production: The U.S. Energy Information Administration publishes a profile of energy production and usage in Maine.

Maine ranks among the top five states in the U.S. for production of:

  • Wood-derived fuel: #5 in the nation (7% of U.S. production)

Nonenergy minerals: The U.S. Geological Survey publishes information about nonenergy mineral extraction in the USGS Minerals Yearbook for Maine.

The Energy Information Administration collects data about all energy-related natural resources produced on federal, state, and privately owned land.
Data and documentation

Hydroelectric

2,967,860 megawatt hours of hydroelectric energy were produced in Maine in 2016.

Other biomass

186,167 megawatt hours of other biomass energy were produced in Maine in 2016.

Wind

1,613,921 megawatt hours of wind energy were produced in Maine in 2016.

Wood-derived fuel

2,639,536 megawatt hours of wood-derived fuel energy were produced in Maine in 2016.

The Office of Natural Resources Revenue collects detailed data about natural resources produced on federal land. According to that data, there was no natural resource production on federal land in Maine in 2015.
Data and documentation

Revenue

Companies pay a wide range of fees, rates, and taxes to extract natural resources in the United States. What companies pay to federal, state, and local governments often depends on who owns the natural resources.

Natural resource extraction can lead to federal revenue in two ways: non-tax revenue and tax revenue. Most USEITI data is about non-tax revenue from extractive industry activities on federal land.
Data and documentation

Revenue from production on federal land by resource

No natural resources were produced on federal land in Maine in 2016, so ONRR did not collect any non-tax revenues.

Federal tax revenue

Individuals and corporations (specifically C-corporations) pay income taxes to the IRS. Depending on company income, federal corporate income tax rates can range from 15–35%. Public policy provisions, such as tax expenditures, can decrease corporate income tax and other revenue payments in order to romote other policy goals.

Learn more about revenue from extraction on all lands and waters.

We don’t have detailed data about federal, state, or local revenue from natural resource extraction on land owned by Maine, corporations, or individuals. However, companies generally must pay state and local taxes.

Disbursements

After collecting revenue from natural resource extraction, the Office of Natural Resources Revenue distributes that money to different agencies, funds, and local governments for public use. This process is called “disbursement.”

Most federal revenue disbursements go into national funds. For detailed data about which expenditures and projects from those national funds are in Maine, see nationwide federal disbursements.

Maine did not receive any disbursements from ONRR in 2016. This is usually because there was no natural resource extraction on federal land in the state.

Data and documentation

We don’t have detailed data about how states or local governments distribute revenue from natural resource extraction.

Economic impact

USEITI economic impact data covers gross domestic product and two different types of jobs data.

To learn more about direct energy employment across all sectors of the U.S. economy, another useful resource is 2017 U.S. Energy and Employment Report from the Department of Energy. This report has a separate state-by-state analysis of energy employment.

Data about each state’s gross domestic product comes from the Bureau of Economic Analysis.
Data and documentation

GDP (dollars)

In 2015, extractive industries accounted for <1% of Maine’s GDP, or $22,000,000

Employment data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics describes the number of people who receive wages or salaries from companies.
Data and documentation

Extractive industry jobs

In 2016, there were jobs in the extractive industries in Maine, and they accounted for <1% of statewide employment.

Extractive industry jobs by county

Androscoggin County Cumberland County Hancock County Kennebec County Oxford County Penobscot County Washington County York County Androscoggin County Cumberland County Hancock County Kennebec County Oxford County Penobscot County Washington County York County
County employment in extractive industries (jobs, 2016)

Wage and salary jobs by commodity

Jobs are categorized according to the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). To learn more about how we grouped those categories, see data and documentation.

Geothermal, hydroelectric, solar, and wind energy categories are limited to jobs directly related to electrical energy generation. To learn more about all energy-related employment, see the 2017 U.S. Energy and Employment Report from the Department of Energy.

hydroelectric energy

In 2016, there were 137 hydroelectric energy jobs in Maine.

nonenergy mineral

In 2016, there were nonenergy mineral jobs in Maine.

wind energy

In 2016, there were wind energy jobs in Maine.

Self-employment data, from the Bureau of Economic Analysis, describes people who work in natural resource extraction, but don’t receive wages or salaries because they own their own companies.
Data and documentation

Self-employment

In 2015, there were self-employed people working in the extractive industries in Maine.

The U.S. Census Bureau collects information about the top 25 exports in each state. In 2015, one or more natural resources ranked among the top 25 exports from Maine.
Data and documentation

Gas

$92,400,000 worth of gas was exported from Maine in 2015.