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Kentucky

Land ownership

Natural resource extraction varies widely from state to state. In Kentucky, extractive industries accounted for 1.6% of gross domestic product (GDP) in 2015.

Natural resource ownership in the U.S. is closely tied to land ownership. Land can be owned by citizens, corporations, Indian tribes or individuals, or governments (for instance, federal, state, or local governments). Many USEITI datasets only cover natural resource extraction on federal land, which represents 4.3% of all land in Kentucky.

Production

Energy production: The U.S. Energy Information Administration publishes a profile of energy production and usage in Kentucky.

Kentucky ranks among the top five states in the U.S. for production of:

  • Coal: #3 in the nation (6% of U.S. production)

Nonenergy minerals: The U.S. Geological Survey publishes information about nonenergy mineral extraction in the USGS Minerals Yearbook for Kentucky.

The Energy Information Administration collects data about all energy-related natural resources produced on federal, state, and privately owned land.

Data and documentation

Coal

0 tons of coal were produced in Kentucky in 2016.

Hydroelectric

3,450,374 megawatt hours of hydroelectric energy were produced in Kentucky in 2016.

Crude oil

2,595,000 barrels of crude oil were produced in Kentucky in 2016.

Natural gas

0 mcf of natural gas were produced in Kentucky in 2016.

Other biomass

94,296 megawatt hours of other biomass energy were produced in Kentucky in 2016.

Solar

11,732 megawatt hours of solar energy were produced in Kentucky in 2016.

Wood-derived fuel

357,616 megawatt hours of wood-derived fuel energy were produced in Kentucky in 2016.

The Office of Natural Resources Revenue collects detailed data about natural resource production on federal land in Kentucky.

Data and documentation

Gas

154,563 mcf of gas were produced on federal land in Kentucky in 2016.

County production

Clay County Floyd County Johnson County Lawrence County Leslie County Letcher County McCreary County Morgan County Pike County Whitley County Clay County Floyd County Johnson County Lawrence County Leslie County Letcher County McCreary County Morgan County Pike County Whitley County
County production of gas in 2016 (mcf)

Oil

7,481 barrels of oil were produced on federal land in Kentucky in 2016.

County production

Clay County Henderson County Leslie County Clay County Henderson County Leslie County
County production of oil in 2016 (bbl)

Data withheld

Production volume in Kentucky was withheld for the following product(s):

  • Coal (’07, ’08, ’09, ’10, ’11, ’12, ’13, ’14, ’16)

Revenue

Companies pay a wide range of fees, rates, and taxes to extract natural resources in the United States. What companies pay to federal, state, and local governments often depends on who owns the natural resources.

Natural resource extraction can lead to federal revenue in two ways: non-tax revenue and tax revenue. Most USEITI data is about non-tax revenue from extractive industry activities on federal land.

Data and documentation

Revenue from production on federal land by resource

When companies extract natural resources on federal lands and waters, they pay royalties, rents, bonuses, and other fees, much like they would to any landowner. This non-tax revenue is collected and reported by the Office of Natural Resources Revenue (ONRR).

For details about the laws and policies that govern how rights are awarded to companies and what they pay to extract natural resources on federal land: coal, oil and gas, renewable resources, and hardrock minerals.

The federal government collects different kinds of fees at each phase of natural resource extraction. This chart shows how much federal revenue was collected in 2016 for production or potential production of natural resources on federal land in Kentucky, broken down by phase of production.

Commodity 1. Securing rights 2. Before production 3. During production Other revenue
Oil and Gas
Oil & Gas
$187,261
$2,760 $7,948 Oil $43,235 Gas $20,813 $112,505
Coal
Coal
$353,643
$17,435 $9,697 $326,280 $231
All commodities
All commodities
$540,904
$20,195 $17,645 $390,328 $112,736

Most non-tax revenue collected by ONRR comes from counties with significant natural resources on federal land.

Data and documentation

All commodities

Companies paid $540,904 to produce natural resources on federal land in Kentucky in 2016.

Revenue collected by County

Bell Clay Estill Floyd Grayson Harlan Henderson Johnson Lawrence Lee Leslie Letcher Mccreary Meade Morgan Owsley Pike Union Whitley Bell Clay Estill Floyd Grayson Harlan Henderson Johnson Lawrence Lee Leslie Letcher Mccreary Meade Morgan Owsley Pike Union Whitley
County revenue in 2016

Federal tax revenue

Individuals and corporations (specifically C-corporations) pay income taxes to the IRS. Depending on company income, federal corporate income tax rates can range from 15–35%. Public policy provisions, such as tax expenditures, can decrease corporate income tax and other revenue payments in order to romote other policy goals.

Learn more about revenue from extraction on all lands and waters.

We don’t have detailed data about federal, state, or local revenue from natural resource extraction on land owned by Kentucky, corporations, or individuals. However, companies generally must pay state and local taxes.

Disbursements

After collecting revenue from natural resource extraction, the Office of Natural Resources Revenue distributes that money to different agencies, funds, and local governments for public use. This process is called “disbursement.”

Most federal revenue disbursements go into national funds. For detailed data about which expenditures and projects from those national funds are in Kentucky, see nationwide federal disbursements.

ONRR also disburses some revenue from natural resource extraction to state governments. In 2016, ONRR disbursed $106,113 to Kentucky.

Data and documentation

We don’t have detailed data about how states or local governments distribute revenue from natural resource extraction.

Economic impact

USEITI economic impact data covers gross domestic product and two different types of jobs data.

To learn more about direct energy employment across all sectors of the U.S. economy, another useful resource is 2017 U.S. Energy and Employment Report from the Department of Energy. This report has a separate state-by-state analysis of energy employment.

Data about each state’s gross domestic product comes from the Bureau of Economic Analysis.

Data and documentation

GDP (dollars)

In 2015, extractive industries accounted for 1.6% of Kentucky’s GDP, or $3,029,000,000

Employment data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics describes the number of people who receive wages or salaries from companies.

Data and documentation

Extractive industry jobs

In 2016, there were jobs in the extractive industries in Kentucky, and they accounted for <1% of statewide employment.

Extractive industry jobs by county

Adair County Barren County Bell County Boone County Boyd County Boyle County Breathitt County Breckinridge County Caldwell County Carter County Christian County Clark County Clay County Clinton County Daviess County Estill County Fayette County Floyd County Graves County Grayson County Hardin County Harlan County Henderson County Hopkins County Jefferson County Knott County Knox County Laurel County Lawrence County Lee County Leslie County Letcher County Livingston County Logan County McCracken County McLean County Magoffin County Marshall County Martin County Meade County Muhlenberg County Ohio County Perry County Pike County Union County Warren County Webster County Whitley County Adair County Barren County Bell County Boone County Boyd County Boyle County Breathitt County Breckinridge County Caldwell County Carter County Christian County Clark County Clay County Clinton County Daviess County Estill County Fayette County Floyd County Graves County Grayson County Hardin County Harlan County Henderson County Hopkins County Jefferson County Knott County Knox County Laurel County Lawrence County Lee County Leslie County Letcher County Livingston County Logan County McCracken County McLean County Magoffin County Marshall County Martin County Meade County Muhlenberg County Ohio County Perry County Pike County Union County Warren County Webster County Whitley County
County employment in extractive industries (jobs, 2016)

Wage and salary jobs by commodity

Jobs are categorized according to the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). To learn more about how we grouped those categories, see data and documentation.

Geothermal, hydroelectric, solar, and wind energy categories are limited to jobs directly related to electrical energy generation. To learn more about all energy-related employment, see the 2017 U.S. Energy and Employment Report from the Department of Energy.

coal

In 2016, there were 7,248 coal jobs in Kentucky.

nonenergy mineral

In 2016, there were 1,976 nonenergy mineral jobs in Kentucky.

oil and gas

In 2016, there were 1,014 oil and gas jobs in Kentucky.

hydroelectric energy

In 2016, there were hydroelectric energy jobs in Kentucky.

Self-employment data, from the Bureau of Economic Analysis, describes people who work in natural resource extraction, but don’t receive wages or salaries because they own their own companies.

Data and documentation

Self-employment

In 2015, there were self-employed people working in the extractive industries in Kentucky.

The U.S. Census Bureau collects information about the top 25 exports in each state. In 2015, one or more natural resources ranked among the top 25 exports from Kentucky.

Data and documentation

Other nonenergy minerals

$359,000,000 worth of other nonenergy minerals was exported from Kentucky in 2015.

State governance

The USEITI Multi-Stakeholder Group identified Kentucky as a priority state and gathered additional information about state agencies and regulations that govern natural resource extraction in Kentucky: