Natural resource extraction varies widely from state to state. In Iowa, extractive industries accounted for <1% of gross domestic product (GDP) in 2015.
Natural resource ownership in the U.S. is closely tied to land ownership. Land can be owned by citizens, corporations, Indian tribes or individuals, or governments (for instance, federal, state, or local governments). Many USEITI datasets only cover natural resource extraction on federal land, which represents <1% of all land in Iowa.
Energy production: The U.S. Energy Information Administration publishes a profile of energy production and usage in Iowa.
Iowa ranks among the top five states in the U.S. for production of:
- Wind: #2 in the nation (9% of U.S. production)
Nonenergy minerals: The U.S. Geological Survey publishes information about nonenergy mineral extraction in the USGS Minerals Yearbook for Iowa.
Energy production in the entire state of Iowa
The Energy Information Administration collects data about all energy-related natural resources produced on federal, state, and privately owned land.
Production on federal land in Iowa
The Office of Natural Resources Revenue collects detailed data about natural resources produced on federal land. According to that data, there was no natural resource production
Companies pay a wide range of fees, rates, and taxes to extract natural resources in the United States. What companies pay to federal, state, and local governments often depends on who owns the natural resources.
Natural resource extraction can lead to federal revenue in two ways: non-tax revenue and tax revenue. Most USEITI data is about non-tax revenue from extractive industry activities on federal land.
Revenue from production on federal land by resource
Federal tax revenue
Individuals and corporations (specifically C-corporations) pay income taxes to the IRS. Depending on company income, federal corporate income tax rates can range from 15–35%. Public policy provisions, such as tax expenditures, can decrease corporate income tax and other revenue payments in order to romote other policy goals.
Learn more about revenue from extraction on all lands and waters.
We don’t have detailed data about federal, state, or local revenue from natural resource extraction on land owned by Iowa, corporations, or individuals. However, companies generally must pay state and local taxes.
After collecting revenue from natural resource extraction, the Office of Natural Resources Revenue distributes that money to different agencies, funds, and local governments for public use. This process is called “disbursement.”
Most federal revenue disbursements go into national funds. For detailed data about which expenditures and projects from those national funds are in Iowa, see nationwide federal disbursements.
Iowa did not receive any disbursements from ONRR in 2016. This is usually because there was no natural resource extraction on federal land in the state.
We don’t have detailed data about how states or local governments distribute revenue from natural resource extraction.
USEITI economic impact data covers gross domestic product
To learn more about direct energy employment across all sectors of the U.S. economy, another useful resource is 2017 U.S. Energy and Employment Report from the Department of Energy. This report has a separate state-by-state analysis of energy employment.
Gross domestic product (GDP)
Data about each state’s gross domestic product
Wage and salary jobs
Employment data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics describes the number of people who receive wages or salaries from companies.
Extractive industry jobs
Extractive industry jobs by county
Wage and salary jobs by commodity
Jobs are categorized according to the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). To learn more about how we grouped those categories, see data and documentation.
Geothermal, hydroelectric, solar, and wind energy categories are limited to jobs directly related to electrical energy generation. To learn more about all energy-related employment, see the 2017 U.S. Energy and Employment Report from the Department of Energy.
oil and gas
Self-employment data, from the Bureau of Economic Analysis, describes people who work in natural resource extraction, but don’t receive wages or salaries because they own their own companies.
The U.S. Census Bureau collects information about the top 25 exports in each state. In 2015, one or more natural resources ranked among the top 25 exports from Iowa.