Natural resource extraction varies widely from state to state. In Georgia, extractive industries accounted for <1% of gross domestic product (GDP) in 2015.
Georgia leads the nation in production of:
- Wood-derived fuel: 10% of U.S. production
Natural resource ownership in the U.S. is closely tied to land ownership. Land can be owned by citizens, corporations, Indian tribes or individuals, or governments (for instance, federal, state, or local governments). Many USEITI datasets only cover natural resource extraction on federal land, which represents 4% of all land in Georgia.
Energy production: The U.S. Energy Information Administration publishes a profile of energy production and usage in Georgia.
Georgia ranks among the top five states in the U.S. for production of:
- Wood-derived fuel: #1 in the nation (10% of U.S. production)
Nonenergy minerals: The U.S. Geological Survey publishes information about nonenergy mineral extraction in the USGS Minerals Yearbook for Georgia.
Energy production in the entire state of Georgia
The Energy Information Administration collects data about all energy-related natural resources produced on federal, state, and privately owned land.
Production on federal land in Georgia
The Office of Natural Resources Revenue collects detailed data about natural resources produced on federal land. According to that data, there was no natural resource production
Companies pay a wide range of fees, rates, and taxes to extract natural resources in the United States. What companies pay to federal, state, and local governments often depends on who owns the natural resources.
Natural resource extraction can lead to federal revenue in two ways: non-tax revenue and tax revenue. Most USEITI data is about non-tax revenue from extractive industry activities on federal land.
Revenue from production on federal land by resource
No natural resources were produced on federal land in Georgia in 2016, so ONRR did not collect any non-tax revenues.
Federal tax revenue
Individuals and corporations (specifically C-corporations) pay income taxes to the IRS. Depending on company income, federal corporate income tax rates can range from 15–35%. Public policy provisions, such as tax expenditures, can decrease corporate income tax and other revenue payments in order to romote other policy goals.
Learn more about revenue from extraction on all lands and waters.
We don’t have detailed data about federal, state, or local revenue from natural resource extraction on land owned by Georgia, corporations, or individuals. However, companies generally must pay state and local taxes.
After collecting revenue from natural resource extraction, the Office of Natural Resources Revenue distributes that money to different agencies, funds, and local governments for public use. This process is called “disbursement.”
Most federal revenue disbursements go into national funds. For detailed data about which expenditures and projects from those national funds are in Georgia, see nationwide federal disbursements.
Georgia did not receive any disbursements from ONRR in 2016. This is usually because there was no natural resource extraction on federal land in the state.
We don’t have detailed data about how states or local governments distribute revenue from natural resource extraction.
USEITI economic impact data covers gross domestic product
To learn more about direct energy employment across all sectors of the U.S. economy, another useful resource is 2017 U.S. Energy and Employment Report from the Department of Energy. This report has a separate state-by-state analysis of energy employment.
Gross domestic product (GDP)
Data about each state’s gross domestic product
Wage and salary jobs
Wage and salary data, from the Bureau of Labor Statistics, describes the number of people employed in natural resource extraction that receive wages or salaries from companies.
Wage and salary jobs
County wage and salary jobs
Self-employment data, from the Bureau of Economic Analysis, describes people who work in natural resource extraction, but don’t receive wages or salaries because they own their own companies.
The U.S. Census Bureau collects information about the top 25 exports in each state.
In 2015, one or more natural resources
ranked among the top 25 exports from Georgia.