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Colorado

Land ownership

Natural resource extraction varies widely from state to state. In Colorado, extractive industries accounted for 4.2% of gross domestic product (GDP) in 2015.

Natural resource ownership in the U.S. is closely tied to land ownership. Land can be owned by citizens, corporations, Indian tribes or individuals, or governments (for instance, federal, state, or local governments). Many USEITI datasets only cover natural resource extraction on federal land, which represents 35.9% of all land in Colorado.

Production

Energy production: The U.S. Energy Information Administration publishes a profile of energy production and usage in Colorado.

Nonenergy minerals: The U.S. Geological Survey publishes information about nonenergy mineral extraction in the USGS Minerals Yearbook for Colorado.

The Energy Information Administration collects data about all energy-related natural resources produced on federal, state, and privately owned land.
Data and documentation

Coal

0 short tons of coal were produced in Colorado in 2015.

Hydroelectric

1,491,544 megawatt hours of hydroelectric energy were produced in Colorado in 2015.

Crude oil

126,232,000 barrels of crude oil were produced in Colorado in 2015.

Natural gas

1,671,787,000 mcf of natural gas were produced in Colorado in 2015.

Other biomass

82,596 megawatt hours of other biomass energy were produced in Colorado in 2015.

Solar

288,847 megawatt hours of solar energy were produced in Colorado in 2015.

Wind

7,441,364 megawatt hours of wind energy were produced in Colorado in 2015.

Wood-derived fuel

48,764 megawatt hours of wood-derived fuel energy were produced in Colorado in 2015.

The Office of Natural Resources Revenue collects detailed data about natural resource production on federal land in Colorado.
Data and documentation

Coal

6,591,181 tons of coal were produced on federal land in Colorado in 2015.

County production

Delta County Garfield County Gunnison County La Plata County Moffat County Rio Blanco County Routt County Delta County Garfield County Gunnison County La Plata County Moffat County Rio Blanco County Routt County
County production of coal in 2015 (tons)

Gas

635,425,824 mcf of gas were produced on federal land in Colorado in 2015.

County production

Adams County Arapahoe County Archuleta County Baca County Bent County Broomfield County Cheyenne County Delta County Dolores County Fremont County Garfield County Gunnison County Huerfano County Jackson County Kiowa County Kit Carson County La Plata County Larimer County Las Animas County Logan County Mesa County Moffat County Montezuma County Morgan County Phillips County Prowers County Rio Blanco County Routt County San Miguel County Washington County Weld County Yuma County Adams County Arapahoe County Archuleta County Baca County Bent County Broomfield County Cheyenne County Delta County Dolores County Fremont County Garfield County Gunnison County Huerfano County Jackson County Kiowa County Kit Carson County La Plata County Larimer County Las Animas County Logan County Mesa County Moffat County Montezuma County Morgan County Phillips County Prowers County Rio Blanco County Routt County San Miguel County Washington County Weld County Yuma County
County production of gas in 2015 (mcf)

Oil

4,866,150 barrels of oil were produced on federal land in Colorado in 2015.

County production

Adams County Arapahoe County Baca County Bent County Broomfield County Cheyenne County Delta County Dolores County Fremont County Garfield County Gunnison County Jackson County Kiowa County Kit Carson County La Plata County Larimer County Logan County Mesa County Moffat County Montezuma County Morgan County Rio Blanco County Routt County San Miguel County Washington County Weld County Adams County Arapahoe County Baca County Bent County Broomfield County Cheyenne County Delta County Dolores County Fremont County Garfield County Gunnison County Jackson County Kiowa County Kit Carson County La Plata County Larimer County Logan County Mesa County Moffat County Montezuma County Morgan County Rio Blanco County Routt County San Miguel County Washington County Weld County
County production of oil in 2015 (bbl)

Data withheld

Production volume in Colorado was withheld for the following product(s):

  • Sodium Bi-Carbonate (’06–’15)

Revenue

Companies pay a wide range of fees, rates, and taxes to extract natural resources in the United States. What companies pay to federal, state, and local governments often depends on who owns the natural resources.

Natural resource extraction can lead to federal revenue in two ways: non-tax revenue and tax revenue. Most USEITI data is about non-tax revenue from extractive industry activities on federal land.
Data and documentation

Revenue from production on federal land by resource

When companies extract natural resources on federal lands and waters, they pay royalties, rents, bonuses, and other fees, much like they would to any landowner. This non-tax revenue is collected and reported by the Office of Natural Resources Revenue (ONRR).

For details about the laws and policies that govern how rights are awarded to companies and what they pay to extract natural resources on federal land: coal, oil and gas, renewable resources, and hardrock minerals.

The federal government collects different kinds of fees at each phase of natural resource extraction. This chart shows how much federal revenue was collected in 2015 for production or potential production of natural resources on federal land in Colorado, broken down by phase of production.

Commodity 1. Securing rights 2. Before production 3. During production Other revenue
Oil and Gas
Oil & Gas
$111,107,521
$-15,144,777 $3,050,981 Oil
$33,963,587
Gas
$85,912,456
NGL
$5,718,473
$-2,393,199
Coal
Coal
$43,968,347
$1,155,540 $189,677 $42,565,259 $57,871
Geothermal
Geothermal
$32,262
$0 $32,262 $0 $0
Other products
Carbon dioxide
$55,903,925
$0 $0 $55,903,925 $0
Sodium
$1,512,965
$0 $-6,904 $1,468,094 $51,776
Helium
$56
$0 $0 $56 $0
All commodities
All commodities
$212,525,077
$-13,989,237 $3,266,016 $225,531,850 $-2,283,552

Most non-tax revenue collected by ONRR comes from counties with significant natural resources on federal land.
Data and documentation

All commodities

Companies paid $212,525,077 to produce natural resources on federal land in Colorado in 2015.

Revenue collected by County

Adams Arapahoe Archuleta Baca Bent Broomfield Chaffee Cheyenne Crowley Custer Delta Dolores Douglas Eagle Elbert El Paso Fremont Garfield Grand Gunnison Huerfano Jackson Kiowa Kit Carson La Plata Larimer Las Animas Lincoln Logan Mesa Moffat Montezuma Montrose Morgan Ouray Park Phillips Pitkin Prowers Pueblo Rio Blanco Rio Grande Routt Saguache San Miguel Sedgwick Washington Weld Yuma Adams Arapahoe Archuleta Baca Bent Broomfield Chaffee Cheyenne Crowley Custer Delta Dolores Douglas Eagle Elbert El Paso Fremont Garfield Grand Gunnison Huerfano Jackson Kiowa Kit Carson La Plata Larimer Las Animas Lincoln Logan Mesa Moffat Montezuma Montrose Morgan Ouray Park Phillips Pitkin Prowers Pueblo Rio Blanco Rio Grande Routt Saguache San Miguel Sedgwick Washington Weld Yuma
County revenue in 2015

Federal tax revenue

Individuals and corporations (specifically C-corporations) pay income taxes to the IRS. Depending on company income, federal corporate income tax rates can range from 15–35%. Public policy provisions, such as tax expenditures, can decrease corporate income tax and other revenue payments in order to romote other policy goals.

Learn more about revenue from extraction on all lands and waters.

We don’t have detailed data about federal, state, or local revenue from natural resource extraction on land owned by Colorado, corporations, or individuals. However, companies generally must pay state and local taxes.

Disbursements

After collecting revenue from natural resource extraction, the Office of Natural Resources Revenue distributes that money to different agencies, funds, and local governments for public use. This process is called “disbursement.”

Most federal revenue disbursements go into national funds. For detailed data about which expenditures and projects from those national funds are in Colorado, see nationwide federal disbursements.

ONRR also disburses some revenue from natural resource extraction to state governments. In 2015, ONRR disbursed $123,861,022 to Colorado.

Data and documentation

We don’t have detailed data about how states or local governments distribute revenue from natural resource extraction.

Economic impact

Data about each state’s gross domestic product comes from the Bureau of Economic Analysis.
Data and documentation

GDP (dollars)

In 2015, extractive industries accounted for 4.2% of Colorado’s GDP, or $13,246,000,000

Wage and salary data, from the Bureau of Labor Statistics, describes the number of people employed in natural resource extraction that receive wages or salaries from companies.
Data and documentation

Wage and salary jobs

In 2015, there were jobs in the extractive industries in Colorado, and they accounted for 1.2% of statewide employment.

County wage and salary jobs

Adams County Arapahoe County Archuleta County Baca County Boulder County Broomfield County Chaffee County Cheyenne County Clear Creek County Conejos County Delta County Denver County Douglas County Eagle County El Paso County Fremont County Garfield County Grand County Gunnison County Huerfano County Jefferson County Kiowa County La Plata County Larimer County Las Animas County Logan County Mesa County Moffat County Montezuma County Montrose County Morgan County Ouray County Park County Pitkin County Pueblo County Rio Blanco County Routt County Teller County Washington County Weld County Yuma County Adams County Arapahoe County Archuleta County Baca County Boulder County Broomfield County Chaffee County Cheyenne County Clear Creek County Conejos County Delta County Denver County Douglas County Eagle County El Paso County Fremont County Garfield County Grand County Gunnison County Huerfano County Jefferson County Kiowa County La Plata County Larimer County Las Animas County Logan County Mesa County Moffat County Montezuma County Montrose County Morgan County Ouray County Park County Pitkin County Pueblo County Rio Blanco County Routt County Teller County Washington County Weld County Yuma County
County employment in extractive industries (jobs, 2015)

Self-employment data, from the Bureau of Economic Analysis, describes people who work in natural resource extraction, but don’t receive wages or salaries because they own their own companies.
Data and documentation

Self-employment

In 2014, there were self-employed people working in the extractive industries in Colorado.

The U.S. Census Bureau collects information about the top 25 exports in each state. In 2015, one or more natural resources ranked among the top 25 exports from Colorado.
Data and documentation

Other nonenergy minerals

$120,020,000 worth of other nonenergy minerals was exported from Colorado in 2015.

State governance

The USEITI Multi-Stakeholder Group identified Colorado as a priority state and gathered additional information about state agencies and regulations that govern natural resource extraction in Colorado: