US Department of the Interior Natural Resources Revenue Data

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Colorado

Land ownership

Natural resource extraction varies widely from state to state. In Colorado, extractive industries accounted for 4.2% of gross domestic product (GDP) in 2015.

Natural resource ownership in the U.S. is closely tied to land ownership. Land can be owned by citizens, corporations, Indian tribes or individuals, or governments (for instance, federal, state, or local governments). Much of the data on this site is limited to natural resource extraction on federal land, which represents 35.9% of all land in Colorado.

Production

Energy production: The U.S. Energy Information Administration publishes a profile of energy production and usage in Colorado.

Nonenergy minerals: The U.S. Geological Survey publishes information about nonenergy mineral extraction in the USGS Minerals Yearbook for Colorado.

The Energy Information Administration collects data about all energy-related natural resources produced on federal, state, and privately owned land.

Data and documentation

Coal

0 tons of coal were produced in Colorado in 2016.

Hydroelectric

1,918,115 megawatt hours of hydroelectric energy were produced in Colorado in 2016.

Crude oil

115,359,000 barrels of crude oil were produced in Colorado in 2016.

Natural gas

1,703,277,000 mcf of natural gas were produced in Colorado in 2016.

Other biomass

86,293 megawatt hours of other biomass energy were produced in Colorado in 2016.

Solar

548,330 megawatt hours of solar energy were produced in Colorado in 2016.

Wind

9,425,327 megawatt hours of wind energy were produced in Colorado in 2016.

Wood-derived fuel

0 megawatt hours of wood-derived fuel energy were produced in Colorado in 2016.

The Office of Natural Resources Revenue collects detailed data about natural resource production on federal land in Colorado.

Data and documentation

Coal

4,897,800 tons of coal were produced on federal land in Colorado in 2016.

County production

Delta County Garfield County Gunnison County La Plata County Moffat County Rio Blanco County Routt County Delta County Garfield County Gunnison County La Plata County Moffat County Rio Blanco County Routt County
County production of coal in 2016 (tons)

Gas

641,696,460 mcf of gas were produced on federal land in Colorado in 2016.

County production

Adams County Arapahoe County Archuleta County Baca County Bent County Broomfield County Cheyenne County Delta County Dolores County Fremont County Garfield County Gunnison County Huerfano County Jackson County Kiowa County Kit Carson County La Plata County Larimer County Las Animas County Logan County Mesa County Moffat County Montezuma County Morgan County Phillips County Prowers County Rio Blanco County Routt County San Miguel County Washington County Weld County Yuma County Adams County Arapahoe County Archuleta County Baca County Bent County Broomfield County Cheyenne County Delta County Dolores County Fremont County Garfield County Gunnison County Huerfano County Jackson County Kiowa County Kit Carson County La Plata County Larimer County Las Animas County Logan County Mesa County Moffat County Montezuma County Morgan County Phillips County Prowers County Rio Blanco County Routt County San Miguel County Washington County Weld County Yuma County
County production of gas in 2016 (mcf)

Oil

4,863,316 barrels of oil were produced on federal land in Colorado in 2016.

County production

Adams County Arapahoe County Baca County Bent County Broomfield County Cheyenne County Delta County Dolores County Fremont County Garfield County Gunnison County Jackson County Kiowa County Kit Carson County La Plata County Larimer County Logan County Mesa County Moffat County Montezuma County Morgan County Rio Blanco County Routt County San Miguel County Washington County Weld County Adams County Arapahoe County Baca County Bent County Broomfield County Cheyenne County Delta County Dolores County Fremont County Garfield County Gunnison County Jackson County Kiowa County Kit Carson County La Plata County Larimer County Logan County Mesa County Moffat County Montezuma County Morgan County Rio Blanco County Routt County San Miguel County Washington County Weld County
County production of oil in 2016 (bbl)

Data withheld

Production volume in Colorado was withheld for the following product(s):

  • Sodium Bi-Carbonate (’07–’16)

Revenue

Companies pay a wide range of fees, rates, and taxes to extract natural resources in the United States. What companies pay to federal, state, and local governments often depends on who owns the natural resources.

Natural resource extraction can lead to federal revenue in two ways: non-tax revenue and tax revenue. Revenue data on this site primarily includes non-tax revenue from extractive industry activities on federal land.

Data and documentation

Revenue from production on federal land by resource

When companies extract natural resources on federal lands and waters, they pay royalties, rents, bonuses, and other fees, much like they would to any landowner. This non-tax revenue is collected and reported by the Office of Natural Resources Revenue (ONRR).

For details about the laws and policies that govern how rights are awarded to companies and what they pay to extract natural resources on federal land: coal, oil and gas, renewable resources, and hardrock minerals.

The federal government collects different kinds of fees at each phase of natural resource extraction. This chart shows how much federal revenue was collected in 2016 for production or potential production of natural resources on federal land in Colorado, broken down by phase of production.

Commodity 1. Securing rights 2. Before production 3. During production Other revenue
Oil and Gas
Oil & Gas
$115,802,622
$10,251,733 $2,256,112 Oil $23,589,208 Gas $63,008,750 NGL $10,835,982 $5,860,837
Coal
Coal
$36,827,806
$319,296 $149,554 $36,299,727 $59,229
Geothermal
Geothermal
$27,462
$0 $27,462 $0 $0
Other products
Carbon dioxide
$44,342,735
$0 $0 $44,342,735 $0
Sodium
$2,109,750
$0 $13,326 $2,056,107 $40,317
Potassium
$4,361
$0 $4,361 $0 $0
Helium
$61
$0 $0 $61 $0
All commodities
All commodities
$199,115,729
$10,571,029 $2,451,746 $180,132,571 $5,960,382

Most non-tax revenue collected by ONRR comes from counties with significant natural resources on federal land.

Data and documentation

All commodities

Companies paid $199,115,729 to produce natural resources on federal land in Colorado in 2016.

Revenue collected by County

Adams Arapahoe Archuleta Baca Bent Broomfield Chaffee Cheyenne Crowley Custer Delta Dolores Douglas Eagle Elbert El Paso Fremont Garfield Grand Gunnison Huerfano Jackson Kiowa Kit Carson La Plata Larimer Las Animas Lincoln Logan Mesa Moffat Montezuma Montrose Morgan Ouray Park Phillips Pitkin Prowers Pueblo Rio Blanco Rio Grande Routt Saguache San Miguel Sedgwick Washington Weld Yuma Adams Arapahoe Archuleta Baca Bent Broomfield Chaffee Cheyenne Crowley Custer Delta Dolores Douglas Eagle Elbert El Paso Fremont Garfield Grand Gunnison Huerfano Jackson Kiowa Kit Carson La Plata Larimer Las Animas Lincoln Logan Mesa Moffat Montezuma Montrose Morgan Ouray Park Phillips Pitkin Prowers Pueblo Rio Blanco Rio Grande Routt Saguache San Miguel Sedgwick Washington Weld Yuma
County revenue in 2016

Federal tax revenue

Individuals and corporations (specifically C-corporations) pay income taxes to the IRS. Depending on company income, federal corporate income tax rates can range from 15–35%. Public policy provisions, such as tax expenditures, can decrease corporate income tax and other revenue payments in order to promote other policy goals.

Learn more about revenue from extraction on all lands and waters.

We don’t have detailed data about federal, state, or local revenue from natural resource extraction on land owned by Colorado, corporations, or individuals. However, companies generally must pay state and local taxes.

Disbursements

After collecting revenue from natural resource extraction, the Office of Natural Resources Revenue distributes that money to different agencies, funds, and local governments for public use. This process is called “disbursement.”

Most federal revenue disbursements go into national funds. For detailed data about which expenditures and projects from those national funds are in Colorado, see nationwide federal disbursements.

ONRR also disburses some revenue from natural resource extraction to state governments. In 2016, ONRR disbursed $83,895,364 to Colorado.

Data and documentation

We don’t have detailed data about how states or local governments distribute revenue from natural resource extraction.

Economic impact

This data covers gross domestic product and two different types of jobs data.

To learn more about direct energy employment across all sectors of the U.S. economy, another useful resource is 2017 U.S. Energy and Employment Report from the Department of Energy. This report has a separate state-by-state analysis of energy employment.

Data about each state’s gross domestic product comes from the Bureau of Economic Analysis.

Data and documentation

GDP (dollars)

In 2015, extractive industries accounted for 4.2% of Colorado’s GDP, or $13,246,000,000

Employment data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics describes the number of people who receive wages or salaries from companies.

Data and documentation

Extractive industry jobs

In 2016, there were jobs in the extractive industries in Colorado, and they accounted for 1.2% of statewide employment.

Extractive industry jobs by county

Adams County Arapahoe County Archuleta County Baca County Boulder County Broomfield County Chaffee County Cheyenne County Clear Creek County Conejos County Delta County Denver County Douglas County Eagle County El Paso County Fremont County Garfield County Grand County Gunnison County Huerfano County Jefferson County Kiowa County La Plata County Larimer County Las Animas County Logan County Mesa County Moffat County Montezuma County Montrose County Morgan County Ouray County Park County Pitkin County Pueblo County Rio Blanco County Routt County Teller County Washington County Weld County Yuma County Adams County Arapahoe County Archuleta County Baca County Boulder County Broomfield County Chaffee County Cheyenne County Clear Creek County Conejos County Delta County Denver County Douglas County Eagle County El Paso County Fremont County Garfield County Grand County Gunnison County Huerfano County Jefferson County Kiowa County La Plata County Larimer County Las Animas County Logan County Mesa County Moffat County Montezuma County Montrose County Morgan County Ouray County Park County Pitkin County Pueblo County Rio Blanco County Routt County Teller County Washington County Weld County Yuma County
County employment in extractive industries (jobs, 2016)

Wage and salary jobs by commodity

Jobs are categorized according to the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). To learn more about how we grouped those categories, see data and documentation.

Geothermal, hydroelectric, solar, and wind energy categories are limited to jobs directly related to electrical energy generation. To learn more about all energy-related employment, see the 2017 U.S. Energy and Employment Report from the Department of Energy.

oil and gas

In 2016, there were 19,075 oil and gas jobs in Colorado.

nonenergy mineral

In 2016, there were 2,829 nonenergy mineral jobs in Colorado.

coal

In 2016, there were 1,512 coal jobs in Colorado.

solar energy

In 2016, there were 199 solar energy jobs in Colorado.

wind energy

In 2016, there were 210 wind energy jobs in Colorado.

hydroelectric energy

In 2016, there were hydroelectric energy jobs in Colorado.

Self-employment data, from the Bureau of Economic Analysis, describes people who work in natural resource extraction, but don’t receive wages or salaries because they own their own companies.

Data and documentation

Self-employment

In 2015, there were self-employed people working in the extractive industries in Colorado.

The U.S. Census Bureau collects information about the top 25 exports in each state. In 2015, one or more natural resources ranked among the top 25 exports from Colorado.

Data and documentation

Other nonenergy minerals

$120,020,000 worth of other nonenergy minerals was exported from Colorado in 2015.

State governance