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Arizona

Land ownership

Natural resource extraction varies widely from state to state. In Arizona, extractive industries accounted for 1.7% of gross domestic product (GDP) in 2015.

Natural resource ownership in the U.S. is closely tied to land ownership. Land can be owned by citizens, corporations, Indian tribes or individuals, or governments (for instance, federal, state, or local governments). Many USEITI datasets only cover natural resource extraction on federal land, which represents 38.6% of all land in Arizona.

For a detailed view of how copper mining affects communities in Arizona, read the Greenlee County case study or Pima County case study.

Production

Energy production: The U.S. Energy Information Administration publishes a profile of energy production and usage in Arizona.

Arizona ranks among the top five states in the U.S. for production of:

  • Solar: #2 in the nation (13% of U.S. production)

Nonenergy minerals: The U.S. Geological Survey publishes information about nonenergy mineral extraction in the USGS Minerals Yearbook for Arizona.

The Energy Information Administration collects data about all energy-related natural resources produced on federal, state, and privately owned land.
Data and documentation

Coal

0 short tons of coal were produced in Arizona in 2016.

Hydroelectric

7,157,613 megawatt hours of hydroelectric energy were produced in Arizona in 2016.

Crude oil

8,000 barrels of crude oil were produced in Arizona in 2016.

Natural gas

0 mcf of natural gas were produced in Arizona in 2016.

Other biomass

43,211 megawatt hours of other biomass energy were produced in Arizona in 2016.

Solar

3,752,925 megawatt hours of solar energy were produced in Arizona in 2016.

Wind

543,099 megawatt hours of wind energy were produced in Arizona in 2016.

Wood-derived fuel

176,136 megawatt hours of wood-derived fuel energy were produced in Arizona in 2016.

The Office of Natural Resources Revenue collects detailed data about natural resource production on federal land in Arizona.
Data and documentation

Data withheld

Production volume in Arizona was withheld for the following product(s):

  • Salt (’06–’14)

Revenue

Companies pay a wide range of fees, rates, and taxes to extract natural resources in the United States. What companies pay to federal, state, and local governments often depends on who owns the natural resources.

Natural resource extraction can lead to federal revenue in two ways: non-tax revenue and tax revenue. Most USEITI data is about non-tax revenue from extractive industry activities on federal land.
Data and documentation

Revenue from production on federal land by resource

When companies extract natural resources on federal lands and waters, they pay royalties, rents, bonuses, and other fees, much like they would to any landowner. This non-tax revenue is collected and reported by the Office of Natural Resources Revenue (ONRR).

For details about the laws and policies that govern how rights are awarded to companies and what they pay to extract natural resources on federal land: coal, oil and gas, renewable resources, and hardrock minerals.

The federal government collects different kinds of fees at each phase of natural resource extraction. This chart shows how much federal revenue was collected in 2016 for production or potential production of natural resources on federal land in Arizona, broken down by phase of production.

Commodity 1. Securing rights 2. Before production 3. During production Other revenue
Oil and Gas
Oil & Gas
$13,332
$0 $13,332 $0
Other products
Sodium
($12)
$0 ($12) $0 $0
All commodities
All commodities
$13,320
$0 $13,320 $0 $0

Most non-tax revenue collected by ONRR comes from counties with significant natural resources on federal land.
Data and documentation

All commodities

Companies paid $13,320 to produce natural resources on federal land in Arizona in 2016.

Revenue collected by County

Apache Coconino Greenlee Maricopa Mohave Navajo Apache Coconino Greenlee Maricopa Mohave Navajo
County revenue in 2016

Federal tax revenue

Individuals and corporations (specifically C-corporations) pay income taxes to the IRS. Depending on company income, federal corporate income tax rates can range from 15–35%. Public policy provisions, such as tax expenditures, can decrease corporate income tax and other revenue payments in order to romote other policy goals.

Learn more about revenue from extraction on all lands and waters.

We don’t have detailed data about federal, state, or local revenue from natural resource extraction on land owned by Arizona, corporations, or individuals. However, companies generally must pay state and local taxes.

Disbursements

After collecting revenue from natural resource extraction, the Office of Natural Resources Revenue distributes that money to different agencies, funds, and local governments for public use. This process is called “disbursement.”

Most federal revenue disbursements go into national funds. For detailed data about which expenditures and projects from those national funds are in Arizona, see nationwide federal disbursements.

ONRR also disburses some revenue from natural resource extraction to state governments. In 2016, ONRR disbursed $55,271 to Arizona.

Data and documentation

We don’t have detailed data about how states or local governments distribute revenue from natural resource extraction.

Economic impact

USEITI economic impact data covers gross domestic product and two different types of jobs data.

To learn more about direct energy employment across all sectors of the U.S. economy, another useful resource is 2017 U.S. Energy and Employment Report from the Department of Energy. This report has a separate state-by-state analysis of energy employment.

Data about each state’s gross domestic product comes from the Bureau of Economic Analysis.
Data and documentation

GDP (dollars)

In 2015, extractive industries accounted for 1.7% of Arizona’s GDP, or $5,070,000,000

Employment data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics describes the number of people who receive wages or salaries from companies.
Data and documentation

Extractive industry jobs

In 2016, there were jobs in the extractive industries in Arizona, and they accounted for <1% of statewide employment.

Extractive industry jobs by county

Apache County Cochise County Coconino County Gila County La Paz County Maricopa County Mohave County Navajo County Pima County Pinal County Santa Cruz County Yavapai County Yuma County Apache County Cochise County Coconino County Gila County La Paz County Maricopa County Mohave County Navajo County Pima County Pinal County Santa Cruz County Yavapai County Yuma County
County employment in extractive industries (jobs, 2016)

Wage and salary jobs by commodity

Jobs are categorized according to the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). To learn more about how we grouped those categories, see data and documentation.

Geothermal, hydroelectric, solar, and wind energy categories are limited to jobs directly related to electrical energy generation. To learn more about all energy-related employment, see the 2017 U.S. Energy and Employment Report from the Department of Energy.

nonenergy mineral

In 2016, there were 9,416 nonenergy mineral jobs in Arizona.

oil and gas

In 2016, there were 282 oil and gas jobs in Arizona.

solar energy

In 2016, there were 378 solar energy jobs in Arizona.

coal

In 2016, there were 25 coal jobs in Arizona.

wind energy

In 2016, there were wind energy jobs in Arizona.

Self-employment data, from the Bureau of Economic Analysis, describes people who work in natural resource extraction, but don’t receive wages or salaries because they own their own companies.
Data and documentation

Self-employment

In 2015, there were self-employed people working in the extractive industries in Arizona.

The U.S. Census Bureau collects information about the top 25 exports in each state. In 2015, one or more natural resources ranked among the top 25 exports from Arizona.
Data and documentation

Copper

$2,502,450,000 worth of copper was exported from Arizona in 2015.

Gas

$375,730,000 worth of gas was exported from Arizona in 2015.

State governance

The USEITI Multi-Stakeholder Group identified Arizona as a priority state and gathered additional information about state agencies and regulations that govern natural resource extraction in Arizona: