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Arkansas

Land ownership

Natural resource extraction varies widely from state to state. In Arkansas, extractive industries accounted for 2.1% of gross domestic product (GDP) in 2015.

Natural resource ownership in the U.S. is closely tied to land ownership. Land can be owned by citizens, corporations, Indian tribes or individuals, or governments (for instance, federal, state, or local governments). Many USEITI datasets only cover natural resource extraction on federal land, which represents 9.4% of all land in Arkansas.

Production

Energy production: The U.S. Energy Information Administration publishes a profile of energy production and usage in Arkansas.

Nonenergy minerals: The U.S. Geological Survey publishes information about nonenergy mineral extraction in the USGS Minerals Yearbook for Arkansas.

The Energy Information Administration collects data about all energy-related natural resources produced on federal, state, and privately owned land.
Data and documentation

Coal

0 short tons of coal were produced in Arkansas in 2016.

Hydroelectric

3,417,925 megawatt hours of hydroelectric energy were produced in Arkansas in 2016.

Crude oil

5,390,000 barrels of crude oil were produced in Arkansas in 2016.

Natural gas

826,917,000 mcf of natural gas were produced in Arkansas in 2016.

Other biomass

103,661 megawatt hours of other biomass energy were produced in Arkansas in 2016.

Solar

29,996 megawatt hours of solar energy were produced in Arkansas in 2016.

Wood-derived fuel

1,298,493 megawatt hours of wood-derived fuel energy were produced in Arkansas in 2016.

The Office of Natural Resources Revenue collects detailed data about natural resource production on federal land in Arkansas.
Data and documentation

Gas

13,224,588 mcf of gas were produced on federal land in Arkansas in 2015.

County production

Cleburne County Columbia County Conway County Crawford County Faulkner County Franklin County Johnson County Logan County Pope County Scott County Sebastian County Sharp County Van Buren County White County Yell County Cleburne County Columbia County Conway County Crawford County Faulkner County Franklin County Johnson County Logan County Pope County Scott County Sebastian County Sharp County Van Buren County White County Yell County
County production of gas in 2015 (mcf)

Oil

2 barrels of oil were produced on federal land in Arkansas in 2015.

County production

Columbia County Columbia County
County production of oil in 2015 (bbl)

Quartz Crystal

4,701 tickets/pounds of quartz crystal were produced on federal land in Arkansas in 2015.

County production

Montgomery County Montgomery County
County production of quartz crystal in 2015 (lbs)

Revenue

Companies pay a wide range of fees, rates, and taxes to extract natural resources in the United States. What companies pay to federal, state, and local governments often depends on who owns the natural resources.

Natural resource extraction can lead to federal revenue in two ways: non-tax revenue and tax revenue. Most USEITI data is about non-tax revenue from extractive industry activities on federal land.
Data and documentation

Revenue from production on federal land by resource

When companies extract natural resources on federal lands and waters, they pay royalties, rents, bonuses, and other fees, much like they would to any landowner. This non-tax revenue is collected and reported by the Office of Natural Resources Revenue (ONRR).

For details about the laws and policies that govern how rights are awarded to companies and what they pay to extract natural resources on federal land: coal, oil and gas, renewable resources, and hardrock minerals.

The federal government collects different kinds of fees at each phase of natural resource extraction. This chart shows how much federal revenue was collected in 2016 for production or potential production of natural resources on federal land in Arkansas, broken down by phase of production.

Commodity 1. Securing rights 2. Before production 3. During production Other revenue
Oil and Gas
Oil & Gas
$3,461,244
$38 $92,394 Oil
$5
Gas
$3,273,281
NGL
$9
$95,517
Other products
Hardrock minerals
$1,514
$0 $140 $139 $1,236
All commodities
All commodities
$3,462,758
$38 $92,534 $3,273,433 $96,752

Most non-tax revenue collected by ONRR comes from counties with significant natural resources on federal land.
Data and documentation

All commodities

Companies paid $3,462,758 to produce natural resources on federal land in Arkansas in 2016.

Revenue collected by County

Cleburne Columbia Conway Crawford Cross Faulkner Franklin Fulton Garland Jackson Johnson Lafayette Lee Lincoln Logan Madison Montgomery Nevada Ouachita Perry Phillips Polk Pope Prairie Scott Sebastian Van Buren Washington White Yell Cleburne Columbia Conway Crawford Cross Faulkner Franklin Fulton Garland Jackson Johnson Lafayette Lee Lincoln Logan Madison Montgomery Nevada Ouachita Perry Phillips Polk Pope Prairie Scott Sebastian Van Buren Washington White Yell
County revenue in 2016

Federal tax revenue

Individuals and corporations (specifically C-corporations) pay income taxes to the IRS. Depending on company income, federal corporate income tax rates can range from 15–35%. Public policy provisions, such as tax expenditures, can decrease corporate income tax and other revenue payments in order to romote other policy goals.

Learn more about revenue from extraction on all lands and waters.

We don’t have detailed data about federal, state, or local revenue from natural resource extraction on land owned by Arkansas, corporations, or individuals. However, companies generally must pay state and local taxes.

Disbursements

After collecting revenue from natural resource extraction, the Office of Natural Resources Revenue distributes that money to different agencies, funds, and local governments for public use. This process is called “disbursement.”

Most federal revenue disbursements go into national funds. For detailed data about which expenditures and projects from those national funds are in Arkansas, see nationwide federal disbursements.

ONRR also disburses some revenue from natural resource extraction to state governments. In 2016, ONRR disbursed $920,844 to Arkansas.

Data and documentation

We don’t have detailed data about how states or local governments distribute revenue from natural resource extraction.

Economic impact

USEITI economic impact data covers gross domestic product and two different types of jobs data.

To learn more about direct energy employment across all sectors of the U.S. economy, another useful resource is 2017 U.S. Energy and Employment Report from the Department of Energy. This report has a separate state-by-state analysis of energy employment.

Data about each state’s gross domestic product comes from the Bureau of Economic Analysis.
Data and documentation

GDP (dollars)

In 2015, extractive industries accounted for 2.1% of Arkansas’s GDP, or $2,448,000,000

Employment data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics describes the number of people who receive wages or salaries from companies.
Data and documentation

Extractive industry jobs

In 2016, there were jobs in the extractive industries in Arkansas, and they accounted for <1% of statewide employment.

Extractive industry jobs by county

Baxter County Benton County Calhoun County Carroll County Cleburne County Columbia County Conway County Craighead County Crawford County Faulkner County Franklin County Garland County Grant County Greene County Hot Spring County Independence County Johnson County Lafayette County Lawrence County Logan County Lonoke County Miller County Ouachita County Pike County Polk County Pope County Pulaski County Saline County Sebastian County Union County Van Buren County Washington County White County Baxter County Benton County Calhoun County Carroll County Cleburne County Columbia County Conway County Craighead County Crawford County Faulkner County Franklin County Garland County Grant County Greene County Hot Spring County Independence County Johnson County Lafayette County Lawrence County Logan County Lonoke County Miller County Ouachita County Pike County Polk County Pope County Pulaski County Saline County Sebastian County Union County Van Buren County Washington County White County
County employment in extractive industries (jobs, 2016)

Wage and salary jobs by commodity

Jobs are categorized according to the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). To learn more about how we grouped those categories, see data and documentation.

Geothermal, hydroelectric, solar, and wind energy categories are limited to jobs directly related to electrical energy generation. To learn more about all energy-related employment, see the 2017 U.S. Energy and Employment Report from the Department of Energy.

oil and gas

In 2016, there were 2,537 oil and gas jobs in Arkansas.

nonenergy mineral

In 2016, there were 1,506 nonenergy mineral jobs in Arkansas.

Self-employment data, from the Bureau of Economic Analysis, describes people who work in natural resource extraction, but don’t receive wages or salaries because they own their own companies.
Data and documentation

Self-employment

In 2015, there were self-employed people working in the extractive industries in Arkansas.

The U.S. Census Bureau collects information about the top 25 exports in each state. In 2015, extractive industries products did not rank among the top 25 exports from Arkansas.
Data and documentation