The Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI) is a global standard that promotes open and accountable management of natural resources.

The U.S. committed to join EITI as part of the 2011 and 2013 Open Government Partnership National Action Plans, with the goal of ensuring that taxpayers are receiving every dollar due for extraction of natural resources. The Open Government Partnership is an international effort dedicated to making governments more open, accountable, and responsive to citizens. It launched in 2011.

The 2016 USEITI report is now available, and includes:

  • New contextual information
  • New regional profile pages
  • More granular disbursements data
See what's new

The initiative

The EITI International Board and implementing member countries believe that a nation’s natural resource wealth belongs to its citizens. Through increased transparency and accountability, EITI can increase public trust and dialogue, improve governance, attract investment, and manage and enhance growth so that citizens receive financial and societal benefits from a country’s natural resources.

Since 2003, international representatives from government, industry, and civil society have developed and adapted the EITI Principles. These principles are the cornerstone of the initiative and endorsed by every stakeholder.

Who’s involved

1 | Multi-Stakeholder Group

To increase transparency and accountability, EITI relies on a cross-sector partnership between government (agencies that oversee extraction in the U.S.), industry (companies operating in the extractive industries), and civil society (individuals and organizations that represent community and citizen interests). Together, all three sectors make up the Multi-Stakeholder Group (MSG) responsible for overseeing EITI.

An Independent Administrator(IA) also assists in implementing the EITI Standard. Later, a Validator commissioned by the EITI International Secretariat assesses whether or not the country successfully implemented the EITI Standard.

The EITI multi-stakeholder group consists of civil society, companies and governments.

Government, industry, and civil society collaborate in a disclosure process regarding natural resource revenue, called reconciliation. Government and industry share with the IA the total amount of revenue the government received and industry paid in the year under review. The IA reconciles the reported revenue and investigates any discrepancies. The public can see the results for their respective country in an annual report, which includes a contextual narrative of the country’s legal and fiscal regime. There are currently 48 EITI-implementing countries, 31 of which are compliant with the EITI Standard.

The EITI report process involves companies disclosing payments, and government disclosing receipts, which are then reconciled by an independent administrator.

2 | Leadership

The Secretary of the U.S. Department of the Interior (DOI) leads USEITI.

  • December 2012: The Secretary of the Interior formed the MSG with 22 members and 21 alternates from government, industry, and civil society organizations.
  • December 19, 2013: The U.S. submitted an application to participate to the EITI International Board. The MSG developed this application after engaging with stakeholders across the country.
  • March 19, 2014: The EITI International Board accepted the U.S. as a candidate country.
  • Summer of 2014: DOI selected an IA for USEITI, Deloitte & Touche LLP.

3 | Federal agencies

Congress passes laws to govern the extraction of natural resources and the fiscal management of resulting revenue. Federal agencies, which are part of the executive branch, then develop regulations and rules to implement and enforce those laws. DOI has primary responsibility for implementing the relevant statutes and regulations. It does so in consultation with other federal agencies, including the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), the Department of Energy (DOE), and others.

U.S. Department of the Interior Seal

Department of the Interior (DOI)

DOI protects and manages the nation’s natural resources and cultural heritage; provides scientific and other information about those resources; and honors its trust responsibilities or special commitments to American Indians, Alaska Natives, and affiliated island communities.

Offices within DOI fulfill this mission by serving three primary functions related to natural resource extraction: managing federal and Indian lands and natural resources; enforcing regulations and rules; and collecting, managing, and disbursing revenue from extraction on federal and Indian lands.

U.S. Department of the Interior Bureau of Land Management Seal

Bureau of Land Management (BLM)

BLM manages and conserves federal lands for the use and enjoyment of present and future generations under a mandate of multiple-use and sustained yield. BLM manages exploration, development, and production of natural resources on federal lands, including lease sales and the permitting and licensing processes. BLM also ensures that developers and operators comply with requirements and regulations. BLM collects revenue in the form of fees.

U.S. Department of the Interior Office of Surface Mining Seal

Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement (OSMRE)

OSMRE’s mission is to establish a nationwide program to protect society and the environment from the adverse effects of surface coal mining operations, under which OSMRE is charged with balancing the nation’s need for continued domestic coal production with protection of the environment. OSMRE works with states and tribes to ensure that citizens and the environment are protected during coal mining and that land is restored to beneficial use when mining is finished.

OSMRE and its partners are also responsible for the Abandoned Mine Land reclamation program, which aims to reclaim and restore lands and waters degraded by mining operations before 1977.

BOEM Bureau of Ocean Energy Management Seal

Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM)

BOEM promotes energy independence, environmental protection, and economic development through responsible, science-based management of offshore conventional and renewable energy and marine mineral resources. BOEM manages the responsible exploration and development (including resource evaluation, planning, and leasing) of energy and mineral resources in federal submerged lands and updates leasing regulations for the Outer Continental Shelf.

BSEE Bureau of Safety and Environmental Enforcement Seal

Bureau of Safety and Environmental Enforcement (BSEE)

BSEE promotes safety, protects the environment, and conserves resources offshore through vigorous regulatory oversight and enforcement. BSEE enforces safety and environmental regulations, as well as updating rules governing operations on the Outer Continental Shelf.

Office of Natural Resources Revenue

Office of Natural Resources Revenue (ONRR)

ONRR collects, disburses, and verifies revenue from natural resource extraction on federal and Indian land, on behalf of all Americans. ONRR collects revenue from energy and mineral leases for both onshore and offshore federal and Indian lands, manages and disburses revenue to funds and recipients, and advocates for the interests of Indian mineral owners.

U.S. Department of the Treasury Seal

Department of the Treasury

The Treasury supports economic growth and stability in the U.S. and overseas, protects the U.S. financial system, and manages the federal government’s finances and resources.

Internal Revenue Service Seal

Internal Revenue Service (IRS)

The IRS assists U.S. taxpayers with understanding and meeting their tax obligations, and enforces the law when taxpayers do not meet these obligations. The IRS collects corporate income taxes from corporations in the extractive industries, as well as income taxes from all other companies operating in these industries. In the 2013 tax year, the IRS calculated $11.8 billion in corporate income tax receipts from mining and petroleum and coal products manufacturing industries.